Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The Venezuelan migrant population in Colombia has risen from less than 39,000 people in 2015 to nearly 1.2 million in March 2019, and an increasing number of Venezuelan migrants are transiting the Colombia to reach other Latin American countries. As of February 2019, some 600,000 Venezuelans have legalised their status in Colombia, and almost 408,000 are in an irregular situation. An additional 3 million Venezuelan people hold a Border Mobility Card (TMF), which allows them to stay in Colombia for up to one week, especially to acquire food and medicines. Despite the efforts of the Colombian government to regularise Venezuelan migrants and give them access to basic services, flaws in the system have left many people unable to apply for the Special Permit of Stay (PEP for its name in Spanish).
The Venezuelan population has settled not only along the border but all across the country, including urban centres. Venezuelan migrants in Norte de Santander, Valle del Cauca and Nariño are exposed to a double impact due to the high level of armed violence causing mass displacement and protection issues in these departments. The main needs reported for newly arrived Venezuelans are food, shelter and healthcare, while migrants with intention to stay in Colombia report access to the labour market, education and social services as following priorities.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Increased violence, natural disasters, and bureaucratic requirements for people needing humanitarian assistance are restricting access. Hostilities among armed groups fighting for control of illegal trades in areas now vacated by FARC – particularly in the Pacific regions and along the Venezuelan border – have led to increased displacement and population confinement, disrupting access to basic services. Landmine presence is also restricting movement. Violence has repeatedly prevented a timely humanitarian response and delayed assessments of people in need. Physical constraints including flooding and landslides during the rainy season in April-May and October-November, and wildfires due to drought and El Niño, make access difficult in affected areas. Despite government efforts to help Venezuelan migrants, overstretched resources as well as people’s fear to denounce a situation of irregularity are limiting access to basic services for many Venezuelans.
Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview