Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The Venezuelan migrant population in Colombia has risen from less than 39,000 people in 2015 to nearly 1.3 million in May 2019, and an increasing number of Venezuelan migrants are transiting the Colombia to reach other Latin American countries. As of May 2019, some 673,000 Venezuelans have legalised their status in Colombia, and almost 515,000 are in an irregular situation. An additional 3.37 million Venezuelan people hold a Border Mobility Card (TMF), which allows them to stay in Colombia for up to one week, especially to acquire food and medicines. ?
The Venezuelan population has settled not only along the border but all across the country, including urban centres. Venezuelan migrants in Norte de Santander, Valle del Cauca and Nariño are exposed to a double impact due to the high level of armed violence causing mass displacement and protection issues in these departments. The main needs reported for newly arrived Venezuelans are food, shelter and healthcare, while migrants with intention to stay in Colombia report access to the labour market, education and social services as following priorities.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.