• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 2,180,000 People affected [?]
  • 1,870,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,570,000 People in Need [?]



The Venezuelan migrant population in Colombia has risen from less than 39,000 people in 2015 to nearly 1.3 million in May 2019, and an increasing number of Venezuelan migrants are transiting the Colombia to reach other Latin American countries. As of May 2019, some 673,000 Venezuelans have legalised their status in Colombia, and almost 515,000 are in an irregular situation. An additional 3.37 million Venezuelan people hold a Border Mobility Card (TMF), which allows them to stay in Colombia for up to one week, especially to acquire food and medicines. ?

The Venezuelan population has settled not only along the border but all across the country, including urban centres. Venezuelan migrants in Norte de Santander, Valle del Cauca and Nariño are exposed to a double impact due to the high level of armed violence causing mass displacement and protection issues in these departments. The main needs reported for newly arrived Venezuelans are food, shelter and healthcare, while migrants with intention to stay in Colombia report access to the labour market, education and social services as following priorities.

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access



Increased violence, natural disasters, and bureaucratic requirements for people needing humanitarian assistance are restricting access. Hostilities among armed groups fighting for control of illegal trades in areas now vacated by FARC – particularly in the Pacific regions and along the Venezuelan border – have led to increased displacement and population confinement, disrupting access to basic services. Landmine presence is also restricting movement. Violence has repeatedly prevented a timely humanitarian response and delayed assessments of people in need. Physical constraints including flooding and landslides during the rainy season in April-May and October-November, and wildfires due to drought and El Niño, make access difficult in affected areas. Despite government efforts to help Venezuelan migrants, overstretched resources as well as people’s fear to denounce a situation of irregularity are limiting access to basic services for many Venezuelans.

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview