Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
In Colombia, the impacts of Hurricane Iota and heavy rainfall caused by La Niña phenomenon have affected almost 333,200 people in 13 departments.
On 16 November, Hurricane Iota hit the Colombian islands of San Andres and Providencia as a category 5 hurricane, affecting 9,100 people. Providencia, which has a population of 5,000, was the most affected. The hurricane has killed at least two people, injured hundreds, damaged 98–99% of the island’s basic infrastructure – including the only local hospital – and destroyed 80% of houses. Various humanitarian organisations and the Colombian government are now providing assistance on the islands. Following the storm, there have been significant increases in COVID-19 cases on Providencia, including among health personnel. The affected population’s urgent needs are WASH, food and shelter, and psychosocial support.?
On the mainland, heavy rainfall caused by Iota and La Niña phenomenon triggered flooding and landslides in 12 departments, resulting in damages to houses, loss of assets, and road blockages. At least 24 people have died. The most affected departments are Bolívar, Chocó, La Guajira, and Norte de Santander. Access constraints are particularly severe in La Guajira, where, prior to the flooding, communities already lacked access to basic services and faced high levels of food insecurity. Overcrowded shelter conditions and lack of WASH access are increasing COVID-19 transmission, with a rise in case numbers in many flood-affected departments. The risk of water and vector-borne disease outbreaks is also high, especially for people staying in shelters that lack adequate WASH facilities.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.