• Crisis Severity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 464,000 People displaced [?]
  • 5,100,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

01/03/2019

Overview

27/05/2019

Armed conflict between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Colombian government lasted five decades and displaced more than 7 million people.  A peace deal signed in  November 2016 ended the conflict and the FARC started a Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration (DDR) process, while other armed groups such as the Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) and  Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) reshuffled and are fighting for control of land and illicit crop production in areas vacated by the FARC. ? Forced displacement and landmine contamination are major humanitarian concerns. Internal displacement is under-registered, due to threats by armed groups against displaced people and officials involved in the registration of IDPs. The departments most affected by displacement are Chocó, Nariño, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca on the Pacific coast, Norte de Santander on the border with Venezuela, and Antioquia. In rural communities, armed group activity restricts movement and limits access to basic health services, crops, and labour markets. Afro-Colombians, indigenous and rural communities are disproportionally affected. ? Attacks against human rights activists and community leaders by armed groups increased in 2018 and 2019. ? Colombia also experiences frequent natural disasters. The rainy season (May-November) typically results in flooding in many regions, putting thousands of people in need of shelter and NFIs. The Caribbean coast and the Andean regions are usually the most affected by floods and landslides.

INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10, a slight increase from 5.4/10 in 2018. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.8/10 and 6.2/10. ?

Latest Developments

02/10/2019

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access

22/05/2019

HIGH CONSTRAINTS

Increased violence, natural disasters, and bureaucratic requirements for people needing humanitarian assistance are restricting access. Hostilities among armed groups fighting for control of illegal trades in areas now vacated by FARC – particularly in the Pacific regions and along the Venezuelan border – have led to increased displacement and population confinement, disrupting access to basic services. Landmine presence is also restricting movement. Violence has repeatedly prevented a timely humanitarian response and delayed assessments of people in need. Physical constraints including flooding and landslides during the rainy season in April-May and October-November, and wildfires due to drought and El Niño, make access difficult in affected areas. Despite government efforts to help Venezuelan migrants, overstretched resources as well as people’s fear to denounce a situation of irregularity are limiting access to basic services for many Venezuelans.

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview