Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 37,000 People affected
Violence linked to militant and criminal groups has spiked in the Tibesti region of northern Chad since the end of 2018. A number of significant confrontations have taken place in recent months between government troops and non-state armed groups, notably the Conseil de commandement militaire pour le salut de la République/ Military Command Council for the Salvation of the Republic (CCMSR), as well as between rival groups of miners in the area. ?The violence and insecurity have led to an increase in humanitarian needs, particularly for food and livelihood support. ? Tibesti is currently classified at the Crisis (IPC-3) level of food insecurity, indicating a prevalence of food insecurity that is worse than the national average. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restrict humanitarian access. Humanitarian actors have been targeted by violence, including the deaths of 2 humanitarians, resulting in activities being disrupted and suspended. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Lac, Ouddai, Sila, and Tibesti regions are all under a ‘state of emergency’ due to ongoing violence, preventing affected populations from accessing humanitarian assistance. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern and lengthy registration and visa processes continue to impede access.
Information Gaps and Needs
Very little precise information is available and it has not been possible to assign the Tibesti Conflict a score in the GCSI.
A peace agreement signed on 11/11/2019 which officially ended hostilities between the Chadian Government and Tibesti auto-defense groups holds as of December 2019. As part of the agreement, canton boundaries will be restituted, political prisoners were to be released, and mining permits were abrogated. ?There is no further information available at this time.