• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 18,315,000 Total population [?]
  • 38,000 People affected [?]



Violence linked to militant and criminal groups has spiked in the Tibesti region of northern Chad since the end of 2018. A number of significant confrontations have taken place in recent months between government troops and non-state armed groups, notably the Conseil de commandement militaire pour le salut de la République/ Military Command Council for the Salvation of the Republic (CCMSR), as well as between rival groups of miners in the area. ?The violence and insecurity have led to an increase in humanitarian needs, particularly for food and livelihood support.  ? Tibesti is currently classified at Stressed (IPC Phase 2) level of food insecurity through May 2021. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Access Constraints


High constraints

The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restricts humanitarian access. Assault and looting of humanitarian vehicles has been reported in the eastern, southern, and western regions, making it difficult for aid workers to use certain routes. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern with lengthy registration and visa processes continuing to impede access and entry into the country.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

Peace Agreement


A peace agreement signed on 11/11/2019 which officially ended hostilities between the Chadian Government and Tibesti auto-defense groups holds as of December 2019. As part of the agreement, canton boundaries will be restituted, political prisoners were to be released, and mining permits were abrogated. ?There is no further information available at this time.