• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 10,344,000 People in Need [?]



The Boko Haram crisis began in 2009 in Nigeria and a few years later spread to neighboring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Ongoing violence is caused by both Boko Haram attacks and the counter-insurgency operations, undertaken by Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF). The MNJTF was created in 1998 and reactivated in 2012. Among other tasks, the MNJTF is mandated to conduct ‘counter-terrorism’ operations in Lake Chad Basin region.? The regional crisis has caused internal and cross-border displacement, physical destruction, and has exacerbated the food insecurity in the region. From December to March 2019, there has been an escalation in high-profile Boko Haram attacks.? 

Latest Developments


27/07: Up to 70 people were killed and 11 injured in a series of attacks by suspected Islamists in Nganzai local government area, Borno state, on 27 July. A group returning from a funeral was first attacked before the Islamists went on to attack Badu Malam Kyariri, Zawa, and Lamisula Bukar Bulala villages, close to the regional capital of Maiduguri. The injured have been taken to a hospital in Maiduguri. The attack is one of the deadliest against on civilians in recent years, indicating a worrying trend in the conflict’s dynamics. There has been no immediate claim of responsibility, however the incident bears the hallmarks of Boko Haram. It is likely the attack was revenge for an unsuccessful attack two weeks ago by Boko Haram on another village during which 11 Boko Haram fighters were killed by a vigilante group. It is unclear if the incident has resulted in displacement.?

Humanitarian Access


High Constraints 

Humanitarian access continues to be restricted due to the unpredictable security situation in Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad. Particularly in northeast Nigeria, a marked deterioration in access was observed over the parst few months due to increased Boko Haram attacks and military operations. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible. Access to the Far North region, Cameroon remains restricted as Boko-Haram related violence increased in March and the threat of IEDs persists. 

Information Gaps and Needs

  • Information on inaccessible areas is difficult to obtain.