Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Chad hosts around 370,000 Sudanese refugees from Darfur. Most of the refugees are living in refugee camps and host communities in the regions of Ennedi-Est, Wadi Fira, Ouaddai and Sila, all near Chad’s border with Sudan.? The majority of the refugees arrived in Chad following escalation of the Darfur crisis in 2003-04, though continuing violence has led to periodic new waves of arrivals.?
Even though many Darfur refugees have been in Chad for more than a decade, the overall level of humanitarian needs remains very high. Among refugees in camps, access to income generating opportunities is generally very low, which plays a role in driving needs for support for food security and livelihoods. ? Access to WASH and health services is limited, partially as a result of outdated infrastructure in camps, often more than 15 years old. ?In refugee-hosting regions of eastern Chad, the rate of access to potable water is estimated to be only about 50%. ? Humanitarian needs have been negatively impacted by significant funding shortfalls and a declining level of food assistance provided to refugees from Darfur in recent years.?
Intercommunal and tribal violence displaced around 4,300 people from Jebel Moon, West Darfur state, over 17-19 November. At least 43 people were killed and at least 17 people were injured during the clashes. The displaced people fled to the mountains, to villages in West and North Darfur, and many crossed the border into eastern Chad. Rape of women and girls has been reported, and 20 children are reported missing, as well as some adults. More than 45 villages, and crops, food stocks, and cattle were burnt or looted. Humanitarian access to the affected area is limited because of security concerns. Food, shelter, non-food items, water, and health services are urgently needed.?
The volatile security situation, combined with a lack of basic infrastructure, restricts humanitarian access. People in need often have limited access to services as a result of insecurity, particularly in the Lac region and several areas in the south and east. Armed group attacks along the border areas with Niger and Nigeria further hamper access. Interference in humanitarian activities is a concern, with lengthy registration and visa processes continuing to impede access and the entry of humanitarian staff into the country. Insecurity in the Lac region has led to an increase in displacement, and has limited access to basic services and humanitarian aid for the affected population. Most of Chad experiences seasonal floods – the rainy season usually lasts from April–October – making the delivery of aid more difficult. Physical constraints, such as poor road conditions and the many islands in the Lac region, also negatively affect the delivery of aid.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.