Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
As of November 2019, Chad hosts more than 330,750 Sudanese refugees from Darfur. Darfur refugees are largely distributed between refugee camps and host communities in the regions of Wadi Fira, Ouaddai, Sila, and Salamat, all near Chad’s border with Sudan?Most of the refugee population arrived in Chad in the wake of the escalation of the Darfur Crisis in 2003-04, though ongoing violence in Darfur has led to periodic new waves of arrivals.? As the situation in Darfur remains unstable, only 20,000 refugees been able to return to their places of origin.?
Even though many Darfur refugees have been in Chad for more than a decade, the overall level of humanitarian needs remains very high. Among refugees in camps, access to income generating opportunities is generally very low, which plays a role in driving needs for support for food security and livelihoods. ? Access to WASH and health services is limited, partially as a result of outdated infrastructure in camps, often more than 15 years old. ?In refugee-hosting regions of eastern Chad, the rate of access to potable water is estimated to be only about 50%. ? Humanitarian needs have been negatively impacted by significant funding shortfalls and a declining level of food assistance provided to refugees from Darfur in recent years.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restrict humanitarian access. Humanitarian actors have been targeted by violence, including the deaths of 2 humanitarians, resulting in activities being disrupted and suspended. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Lac, Ouddai, Sila, and Tibesti regions are all under a ‘state of emergency’ due to ongoing violence, preventing affected populations from accessing humanitarian assistance. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern and lengthy registration and visa processes continue to impede access.
Source : GCSI