• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 18,315,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,082,000 People displaced [?]
  • 6,150,000 People in Need [?]
  • 1,910,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Special Reports




Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have displaced civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?
IDPs and host families in the Lac region are predicted to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity until September, as violence and displacement affect access to markets and fishing activities. Food insecurity will affect 5.1 million people across the country during the lean season, including over 1.7 million severely food insecure due to the decrease in agricultural production and the weakness of water resources in the region. The nutritional situation remains worrying in the whole country, with an alarming state in 15 of the 23 provinces. For children under 5, global acute malnutrition (GAM) has reached the 10% alert threshold for nearly 1.9 million children.? 2 million people are in need of WASH support across the country. Only 61% of the population have access to water and 33.5% of the population is able to access clean drinking water. Basic sanitation coverage is as low as 12% and only 37.7% of the population have access to a hand washing facility with soap and water. Lack of drinking water, hygiene and sanitation infrastructure lead to the deaths of around 19,000 people each year.? 
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an 87% increase in the amount of people in need of health assistance in Chad, from 950,000 in January 2020 to nearly 1.8 million in May 2020. This is largely due to poor access to basic social services and increasing numbers of disease outbreaks. In addition to COVID-19, Chad is also facing a measles outbreak.?


Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access


very High constraints

An increase in attacks attributed to Boko Haram has deteriorated humanitarian access in the country. After a period of calm, attacks started increasing in Lac province in July and spread to neighbouring Hadjer Lamis province in September. Thousands of people have fled, many into areas where the lack of basic infrastructure limits their access to essential health and education services.

Clashes between non-state armed groups and defence and security forces, as well as attacks on civilians, continue to further restrict the movement of populations and humanitarian organisations. Because of insecurity, authorities have maintained ’red zones’, where movements are severely restricted and humanitarian access is limited. In areas of military operation where Boko Haram is active, fishing and grazing are prohibited, and regional authorities have closed some markets to prevent armed groups from getting supplies. In areas close to the ‘red zones’, people depend on humanitarian assistance and can no longer practice their subsistence activities because of insecurity. In some areas of Lac province, humanitarian organisations are required to use a military escort when travelling. Violent incidents linked to armed group activity, as well as those linked to demonstrations against the extension of the transition period by military authorities, have disrupted the operations of many humanitarian organisations in recent weeks. In October, several organisations temporarily suspended their activities following violence between civilians and security forces resulting in the deaths of dozens of people across several cities.

The presence of IEDs continues to limit humanitarian movement and access, particularly in Lac province. Physical constraints following floods that affected more than a million people in 18 of the country’s 23 provinces have also significantly reduced the access of people in need to aid. The floods, which were particularly severe during the rainy season (mid-May to September), caused considerable damage to roads, aggravating the situation when a lack of road infrastructure was already one of the main access constraints in the country. These physical constraints have delayed the provision of assistance for thousands of affected people, particularly in the province of Sila in October.

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – December 2022