• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 16,797,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,043,000 People displaced [?]
  • 6,400,000 People in Need [?]
  • 1,472,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have displaced civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?
IDPs and host families in the Lac region are predicted to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity until September, as violence and displacement affect access to markets and fishing activities. Food insecurity will affect 5.1 million people across the country during the lean season, including over 1.7 million severely food insecure due to the decrease in agricultural production and the weakness of water resources in the region. The nutritional situation remains worrying in the whole country, with an alarming state in 15 of the 23 provinces. For children under 5, global acute malnutrition (GAM) has reached the 10% alert threshold for nearly 1.9 million children.? 2 million people are in need of WASH support across the country. Only 61% of the population have access to water and 33.5% of the population is able to access clean drinking water. Basic sanitation coverage is as low as 12% and only 37.7% of the population have access to a hand washing facility with soap and water. Lack of drinking water, hygiene and sanitation infrastructure lead to the deaths of around 19,000 people each year.? 
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an 87% increase in the amount of people in need of health assistance in Chad, from 950,000 in January 2020 to nearly 1.8 million in May 2020. This is largely due to poor access to basic social services and increasing numbers of disease outbreaks. In addition to COVID-19, Chad is also facing a measles outbreak.?


Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access


High constraints

Humanitarian access continues to be constrained as a result of multiple attacks and incursions by armed groups, particularly in Lac province, and intercommunal violence in eastern provinces. Existing basic infrastructures are often destroyed or damaged by armed groups or in intercommunal conflicts, leaving thousands of people without access to WASH, healthcare, and education.

Restrictions on movement related to military operations and insecurity, particularly in Lac province, prevent those affected from accessing humanitarian aid. Administrative constraints include time-consuming visa and work permit procedures and taxes imposed on humanitarian organisations. The presence of checkpoints and searches of personnel and vehicles also delay the delivery of aid.

Interference in the delivery of aid from local authorities and armed groups has also been reported. Suspensions of humanitarian activities by the authorities, with the withdrawal of personnel, are frequent and are often the result of military operations. The obligation to travel with an escort delays the delivery of assistance, especially in cases when the escort is not available.

The poor conditions of roads and bridges further increase access constraints in certain areas, especially during the rainy season (July–October), which affects the Mandoul and Tandjile provinces in particular.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.