• Crisis Severity ?
    3.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 16,770,000 Total population [?]
  • 825,000 People displaced [?]
  • 5,300,000 People in Need [?]
  • 1,219,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

12/12/2019

More than 4.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Chad, mostly because of chronic poverty, conflict, food insecurity, and malnutrition, particularly in the Sahelian zone in the north.?

Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have driven civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs. ?

Regional instability coupled with a severe economic crisis has challenged the country, however recent harvests have contributed to the country's food security.?A measles outbreak beginning May 2018 continues and has intensified in 2019. As of December 2019, 25,916 cases including 255 deaths were identified in 7 of the country's districts.?

Latest Developments

10/07/2020

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Humanitarian Access

31/10/2019

High constraints

The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restrict humanitarian access. Humanitarian actors have been targeted by violence, including the deaths of 2 humanitarians, resulting in activities being disrupted and suspended. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Lac, Ouddai, Sila, and Tibesti regions are all under a ‘state of emergency’ due to ongoing violence, preventing affected populations from accessing humanitarian assistance. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern and lengthy registration and visa processes continue to impede access.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.