Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.40 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Flooding in Chad, Niger and Nigeria
Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have displaced civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?
IDPs and host families in the Lac region are predicted to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity until September, as violence and displacement affect access to markets and fishing activities. Food insecurity will affect 5.1 million people across the country during the lean season, including over 1.7 million severely food insecure due to the decrease in agricultural production and the weakness of water resources in the region. The nutritional situation remains worrying in the whole country, with an alarming state in 15 of the 23 provinces. For children under 5, global acute malnutrition (GAM) has reached the 10% alert threshold for nearly 1.9 million children.? 2 million people are in need of WASH support across the country. Only 61% of the population have access to water and 33.5% of the population is able to access clean drinking water. Basic sanitation coverage is as low as 12% and only 37.7% of the population have access to a hand washing facility with soap and water. Lack of drinking water, hygiene and sanitation infrastructure lead to the deaths of around 19,000 people each year.?
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an 87% increase in the amount of people in need of health assistance in Chad, from 950,000 in January 2020 to nearly 1.8 million in May 2020. This is largely due to poor access to basic social services and increasing numbers of disease outbreaks. In addition to COVID-19, Chad is also facing a measles outbreak.?
Between 20 and 21 September, around 2,718 people fled their villages in Kangalom sub-prefecture to Blarigui, Bibi Dar Al Amne and Tetewa villages within the same sub-prefecture (Mamdi departement). The displacement occurred following an armed men attack on 19 September in Teresa village. They are in need of food, shelter, NFIs and cash assistance.?
Humanitarian access continues to be restricted, especially after repeated attacks by non-state armed groups in the Lac region and south and east provinces. Administrative impediments and interference with activities remain the main obstacles humanitarian workers face in delivering assistance to people in need. Staff visas are sometimes rejected or validated late. The decision taken in April 2020 to suspend movements between N’Djamena and the provinces as part of COVID-19 containment measures also contributed to delays in aid provision. Certain localities, particularly in Fouli and Kaya departments, are difficult to reach because armed groups carry out repeated attacks in the villages. As a result of military operations, humanitarian organisations are often forced to suspend their activities. The poor quality of the road network worsens during the rainy season, between July–October, and has a direct impact on physical access to affected areas. South, north, and east provinces are particularly prone to flooding.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.