Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.40 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Flooding in Chad, Niger and Nigeria
Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have displaced civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?
Increased clashes between government forces and Boko Haram, along with COVID-19 restrictions have resulted in limited access to markets and a depletion of food stocks for IDPs and their hosts in Lac region. Border closures have also disrupted markets in Tibesti region. However, good harvests are expected to partially counteract those negative effects, affected populations in those regions will face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity through May 2021.? 1.8 million people are in need of WASH support across the country. Lack of drinking water, hygiene and sanitation infrastructure lead to the deaths of around 19,000 people each year.?
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an 87% increase in the amount of people in need of health assistance in Chad, from 950,000 in January 2020 to nearly 1.8 million in May 2020. In addition to COVID-19, Chad is also facing a measles outbreak.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
The volatile security situation, combined with a lack of basic infrastructure, restricts humanitarian access. People in need often have limited access to services as a result of insecurity, particularly in the Lac region and several areas in the south and east. Armed group attacks along the border areas with Niger and Nigeria further hamper access. Interference in humanitarian activities is a concern, with lengthy registration and visa processes continuing to impede access and the entry of humanitarian staff into the country. Insecurity in the Lac region has led to an increase in displacement, and has limited access to basic services and humanitarian aid for the affected population. Most of Chad experiences seasonal floods – the rainy season usually lasts from April–October – making the delivery of aid more difficult. Physical constraints, such as poor road conditions and the many islands in the Lac region, also negatively affect the delivery of aid.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.