Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
CAR: Displacement resulting from electoral violence
Humanitarian Access Overview
Since 2013, Chad has been one of the main host countries for refugees fleeing conflict and its effects in Central African Republic (CAR). As of January 2021, around 103,000 CAR refugees are hosted in camps and villages across Salamat, Moyen-Chari, Mandoul and Logone Oriental regions in southern Chad.? The refugees and their host populations face elevated needs across a number of different sectors including food, protection, health and WASH. Around 104,000 people in southern Chad are estimated to be food insecure (IPC Phases 3-5) during the October-December 2020 period. COVID-19 has further hampered the delivery of humanitarian assistance to CAR refugees and host communities, already limited by a persistent lack of funding for response efforts and reduced humanitarian access to some areas, particularly during the rainy season (June-October).?
Some 8,400 people fleeing violence in the context of the 27 December elections in the Central African Republic have arrived in Nya Pende department (Logone Oriental province) between mid-December 2020 and 12 March 2021. ?
More than 2,000 refugees from CAR have arrived in Chad this week, following clashes between government forces and non-state armed groups in Kaga-Bandoro, Batangafo and Kabo regions. They crossed the Grande Siro river and have settled in the town of Sido and in Gandanza village. They are in need of shelter, food, water, sanitation and healthcare. Violence has increased in CAR following December’s presidential elections, leaving hundreds of thousands of people displaced.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
The volatile security situation, combined with a lack of basic infrastructure, restricts humanitarian access. People in need often have limited access to services as a result of insecurity, particularly in the Lac region and several areas in the south and east. Armed group attacks along the border areas with Niger and Nigeria further hamper access. Interference in humanitarian activities is a concern, with lengthy registration and visa processes continuing to impede access and the entry of humanitarian staff into the country. Insecurity in the Lac region has led to an increase in displacement, and has limited access to basic services and humanitarian aid for the affected population. Most of Chad experiences seasonal floods – the rainy season usually lasts from April–October – making the delivery of aid more difficult. Physical constraints, such as poor road conditions and the many islands in the Lac region, also negatively affect the delivery of aid.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.