• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 343,000 People displaced [?]
  • 367,000 People in Need [?]
  • 98,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 147,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Boko Haram violence first escalated in Chad in 2015, as part of the group’s regional expansion throughout the Lake Chad Basin.? Since then, Boko Haram has remained a significant security threat and has carried out numerous attacks in the Lac region of Chad, including detonation of explosives, abductions, livestock theft, and destruction of property, among others. Chad hosts approximately 15,400 refugees who have fled Boko Haram violence in northeast Nigeria.?

Following a Boko Haram attack on a military base on 23 March in Boma which killed 98 people, the Chadian government declared Fouli and Kaya departments in Lac region a “war zone” and asked the local population to leave the villages in the North Bassin.? A subsequent  military operation was carried lasted from 31 March to 8 April, resulting in over 20,000 additional displacements.? Boko Haram attacks have continued since the end of the operation, generating further population movement.? IDPs and their host families will face Crisis (IPC-3) food insecurity until the September harvests.?


Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Humanitarian Access


High constraints

The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restricts humanitarian access. Assault and looting of humanitarian vehicles has been reported in the eastern, southern, and western regions, making it difficult for aid workers to use certain routes. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern with lengthy registration and visa processes continuing to impede access and entry into the country.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.