Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Boko Haram violence first escalated in Chad in 2015, as part of the group’s regional expansion throughout the Lake Chad Basin.? Since then, Boko Haram has remained a significant security threat and has carried out numerous attacks in the Lac region of Chad, including detonation of explosives, abductions, livestock theft, and destruction of property, among others. Chad hosts approximately 16,000 refugees who have fled Boko Haram violence in northeast Nigeria?
Following a Boko Haram attack on a military base on 23 March in Boma which killed 98 people, the Chadian government declared Fouli and Kaya departments in Lac region a “war zone” and asked the local population to leave the villages in the North Bassin.? A subsequent military operation was carried lasted from 31 March to 8 April, resulting in over 20,000 additional displacements.? Boko Haram attacks have continued since the end of the operation, generating further population movement.? Without humanitarian aid, IDPs and their host families could face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity until September 2021. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
The volatile security situation, combined with a lack of basic infrastructure, restricts humanitarian access. People in need often have limited access to services as a result of insecurity, particularly in the Lac region and several areas in the south and east. Armed group attacks along the border areas with Niger and Nigeria further hamper access. Interference in humanitarian activities is a concern, with lengthy registration and visa processes continuing to impede access and the entry of humanitarian staff into the country. Insecurity in the Lac region has led to an increase in displacement, and has limited access to basic services and humanitarian aid for the affected population. Most of Chad experiences seasonal floods – the rainy season usually lasts from April–October – making the delivery of aid more difficult. Physical constraints, such as poor road conditions and the many islands in the Lac region, also negatively affect the delivery of aid.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.