Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Along with Nigeria, Niger, and Cameroon, Chad is one of the main countries affected by the Boko Haram crisis. Boko Haram violence first escalated in Chad in 2015, as part of the group’s regional expansion throughout the Lake Chad Basin.? Since then, Boko Haram has remained a significant security threat and has carried out numerous attacks in the Lac region of Chad, including suicide bombings, kidnappings, livestock theft, and destruction of property, among others. These attacks have caused significant displacement, forcing more than 130,000 Chadians to flee their homes.? Notably, Chad also hosts approximately 15,000 refugees who have fled Boko Haram violence in northeast Nigeria.?
While the overall level of violence linked to Boko Haram is lower in 2019 than several years ago, Boko Haram’s activities continue to drive humanitarian needs across multiple sectors.? More than 330,000 people are estimated to be food insecure in Lac region (IPC phase 2 and above) – 54% of the total population. Violence in the Lac region has disrupted public services.?
16/05: On 16 May, Boko Haram militants attacked the village of Ceilia, in the Lac region killing 13 people and burning several houses. This is the seventh attack by Boko Haram in Chad since June 2018, and the largest attack on civilians in 2019. The event confirms the trend of Boko Haram's increased activity outside of Nigeria, with nearly 50% of all attacks carried out in neighbouring countries including Niger, Cameroon and Chad. ?