Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Along with Nigeria, Niger, and Cameroon, Chad is one of the main countries affected by the Boko Haram crisis. Boko Haram violence first escalated in Chad in 2015, as part of the group’s regional expansion throughout the Lake Chad Basin.? Since then, Boko Haram has remained a significant security threat and has carried out numerous attacks in the Lac region of Chad, including suicide bombings, kidnappings, livestock theft, and destruction of property, among others. These attacks have caused significant displacement, forcing more than 169,000 Chadians to flee their homes?Notably, Chad also hosts approximately 12,460 refugees who have fled Boko Haram violence in northeast Nigeria?
While the overall level of violence linked to Boko Haram is lower in 2019 than several years ago, Boko Haram’s activities continue to drive humanitarian needs across multiple sectors.? Violence in the Lac region has disrupted public services and has contributed to food insecurity in the region?
On 20 January a suicide bomber killed at least 10 civilians and injured several others in the village of Kaiga-Kindira, western Chad, near the Lake Chad region. The attack has been attributed to Boko Haram.?
Total number of conflict-related fatalities
Source : ACLED - https://www.acleddata.com/data/
The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restrict humanitarian access. Humanitarian actors have been targeted by violence, including the deaths of 2 humanitarians, resulting in activities being disrupted and suspended. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Lac, Ouddai, Sila, and Tibesti regions are all under a ‘state of emergency’ due to ongoing violence, preventing affected populations from accessing humanitarian assistance. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern and lengthy registration and visa processes continue to impede access.