• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 181,000 People displaced [?]
  • 487,000 People in Need [?]
  • 380,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 107,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Along with Nigeria, Niger, and Cameroon, Chad is one of the main countries affected by the Boko Haram crisis. Boko Haram violence first escalated in Chad in 2015, as part of the group’s regional expansion throughout the Lake Chad Basin.? Since then, Boko Haram has remained a significant security threat and has carried out numerous attacks in the Lac region of Chad, including suicide bombings, kidnappings, livestock theft, and destruction of property, among others. These attacks have caused significant displacement, forcing more than 169,000 Chadians to flee their homes?Notably, Chad also hosts approximately 12,460 refugees who have fled Boko Haram violence in northeast Nigeria?

While the overall level of violence linked to Boko Haram is lower in 2019 than several years ago, Boko Haram’s activities continue to drive humanitarian needs across multiple sectors.? Violence in the Lac region has disrupted public services and has contributed to food insecurity in the region?

Latest Developments


On 20 January a suicide bomber killed at least 10 civilians and injured several others in the village of Kaiga-Kindira, western Chad, near the Lake Chad region. The attack has been attributed to Boko Haram.?

Access Constraints


The volatile security situation combined with a lack of infrastructure restrict humanitarian access. Humanitarian actors have been targeted by violence, including the deaths of 2 humanitarians, resulting in activities being disrupted and suspended. Sporadic incidents of landmine explosions in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions were also recorded. Organisations face challenges due to the lack of government control in Lac and Tibesti regions, where armed groups maintain control. Lac, Ouddai, Sila, and Tibesti regions are all under a ‘state of emergency’ due to ongoing violence, preventing affected populations from accessing humanitarian assistance. Interference into humanitarian activities also remains a concern and lengthy registration and visa processes continue to impede access.