Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Conflict sharply escalated in 2016, with fighting among ex-Seleka as well as with anti-balaka in central CAR, and resulting in human rights abuses and targeted killings along communal lines. Clashes have spread through Haute-Kotto, Basse-Kotto, Ouaka, Nana-Grebizi, Ouham, and Ouham Pende. The government is calling for a lift of the UN arms embargo implemented against the country since 2013, to permit a wider deployment of the national armed forces (FACA) ?. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA) faces a hostile environment with increased critics from the government and local leadership, and attacks against its members by different armed groups ?.
The population’s access to essential services is constrained. The national health system lacks qualified staff and health facilities have been damaged in conflict. Services and access are disrupted by insecurity, lack of supplies and staff departures. Massive displacements have also impacted the WASH situation. Only half of the population has access to drinkable water and more than 34% practice open-air defecation, increasing the transmission risk for vector- and water-borne diseases ?. Food security is impacted as agricultural production has been damaged, and livelihoods and market activities disrupted. Most IDPs and some host communities are in need of food assistance ?.
INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 8.5/10. CAR's vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are of particular concern ?.
Severe flooding caused large displacement in the Central African Republic. On 25 October, the government declared a state of emergency and appealed for external support. Needs assessments are still ongoing. The government stated that over 20,000 people have been displaced across the country and an additional 8,000 people have been displaced in the capital Bangui. According to media reports, over 45,000 people could be displaced in total. In Bangui, especially the southwest of the city is affected by flooding and many houses have been destroyed. In Birao, markets, houses, and at least two IDP camps were flooded. Since the main road connecting Birao to Bangui was waterlogged, aid had to be flown in to assist people in Birao. Rescue and relief operations of the government and partners are ongoing but suffer from limited resources. In many areas, emergency shelters and access to safe water and WASH facilities are missing raising the fear of the outbreak of water-borne diseases.?
Very high constraints
Despite the signing of the Peace Agreement in February 2019, the security situation remains volatile. While humanitarian access to people in Alindao (Basse-Kotto prefecture) and Bangassou (Mbomou) has improved, renewed violence erupted in Birao in September displacing over 13,000 people and impeding humanitarian operations. In addition to ongoing insecurity, logistical challenges, owing to inadequate road infrastructure, hamper access to remote areas, making it necessary to deliver emergency relief through air bridges. Heavy seasonal rainfall and flooding in August have further disrupted the delivery of humanitarian aid. The security situation for humanitarian staff remains dangerous. After attacks against humanitarian workers and facilities declined during the first half of 2019, the summer saw an increase of incidents, especially in Bambari, Bria, Kaga-Bandoro, Batangafo and Bangui.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.