• Crisis Severity ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,348,000 People affected [?]
  • 1,786,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,600,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

24/05/2019

Conflict sharply escalated in 2016, with fighting among ex-Seleka as well as with anti-balaka in central CAR, and resulting in human rights abuses and targeted killings along communal lines. Clashes have spread through Haute-Kotto, Basse-Kotto, Ouaka, Nana-Grebizi, Ouham, and Ouham Pende. The government is calling for a lift of the UN arms embargo implemented against the country since 2013, to permit a wider deployment of the national armed forces (FACA) ?. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA) faces a hostile environment with increased critics from the government and local leadership, and attacks against its members by different armed groups ?.

The population’s access to essential services is constrained. The national health system lacks qualified staff and health facilities have been damaged in conflict. Services and access are disrupted by insecurity, lack of supplies and staff departures. Massive displacements have also impacted the WASH situation. Only half of the population has access to drinkable water and more than 34% practice open-air defecation, increasing the transmission risk for vector- and water-borne diseases ?. Food security is impacted as agricultural production has been damaged, and livelihoods and market activities disrupted. Most IDPs and some host communities are in need of food assistance ?.

INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 8.5/10. CAR's vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are of particular concern ?.

Latest Developments

12/09/2019

12/09: On 1 September, fighting broke out between two rival militia groups, the FPRC (who mostly belong to the Rounga ethnic group) and the MLCJ (who mostly belong to the Kara ethnic group), near Birao, Vakaga prefecture. The violence reportedly escalated when the son of a local community leader, an ethnic Kara, was killed by FPRC fighters, triggering clashes with the MLCJ.  At least at 20 fatalities, including one civilian, have been reported. Approximately 13,000 people are thought to be displaced from the fighting, most of whom have sought shelter at the MINUSCA compound in the area. Very little precise information is available regarding the conditions of the displaced population, though severe shelter, food, protection, and health needs can be anticipated.?

Humanitarian Access

24/05/2019

High Constraints 

Humanitarian access hasn’t improved during the reporting period due to protracted conflict and a stalling peace process. Violent attacks against humanitarian convoys and looting of facilities continue to be regularly reported. Between September 2018 and February 2019, at least 171 security incidents affecting international and local NGOs were reported, including three aid workers killed, 14 injured, and two abducted. The presence of armed groups is restricting the movement of the population and constrains their access to services, especially around IDP camps. Road and transport infrastructure are underdeveloped and poorly maintained, leaving some areas completely inaccessible or hard to reach. Armed groups have blocked main roads connecting to neighbouring countries, demonstrating the extent of their control over some parts of the territory.

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview