Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Violence in CAR continues despite a peace agreement between the government and armed non-state groups in February 2019.? The conflict emerged in 2013 between the Séléka and anti-balaka armed groups in central CAR. Armed conflict has since spread and destabilizes the country, resulting in human rights abuses and targeted killings along communal lines. The conflict has led to mass displacement and over 680,000 people in CAR are estimated to be internally displaced as of January 2020.? There are concerns over a further deterioration of insecurity in the lead up to the 2020 and 2021 elections.?
Humanitarian workers in CAR faced increased risks due to insecurity in 2019. As of November, three humanitarian staff have been killed and 40 injured in 2019 compared to 23 injured humanitarians in 2018 for the same period (Jan-Nov).?
CAR has been severely affected by heavy rains and flooding since late October.?
INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 8.6/10. CAR's vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are of particular concern.?
Intercommunal violence has intensified in Ndélé, capital of the northern prefecture of Bamingui Bangoran, since March. The violence started on 29 April and led to at least 8,000 people displaced, 28 deaths, and 56 injuries. IDPs approached a nearby MINUSCA compound, but there are no reports on their specific needs. Shops and the central market were torched, potentially putting local families’ food access and livelihoods at risk. As a consequence of the violence, a group on INGOs has announced a temporary suspension of all humanitarian activities in Ndélé on 19 May. As of 9 May, 27 security incidents involving humanitarian actors occurred in the city in 2020. Two aid workers were caught in crossfire, with one killed and another wounded at the beginning of March, while more recent and frequent episodes reported are looting and break-ins. MINUSCA and CAR’s armed forces have been deployed to the prefecture to protect civilians and allow for the return of humanitarians.?
12/03/2020 Violent clashes among rivalry fractions of the FPRC in the city of Ndélé in northern CAR have caused residents to flee and killed at least 13 people. Clashes erupted on 6 March and resumed on 11 March. Currently, over 3,000 people sought safety at a MINUSCA site. Insecurity results into humanitarian access constraints for aid workers who remain confined to the MINUSCA base.?
04/02/2020 The UN Security Council renewed the arms embargo against the Central African Republic on 31 January for another six months. China and Russia abstained from the vote. The embargo has been in place since 2013.?
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Very high constraints
Despite the signing of the Peace Agreement in February 2019, the security situation remains volatile. While humanitarian access to people in Alindao (Basse-Kotto prefecture) and Bangassou (Mbomou) has improved, renewed violence erupted in Birao in September displacing over 13,000 people and impeding humanitarian operations. In addition to ongoing insecurity, logistical challenges, owing to inadequate road infrastructure, hamper access to remote areas, making it necessary to deliver emergency relief through air bridges. Heavy seasonal rainfall and flooding in August have further disrupted the delivery of humanitarian aid. The security situation for humanitarian staff remains dangerous. After attacks against humanitarian workers and facilities declined during the first half of 2019, the summer saw an increase of incidents, especially in Bambari, Bria, Kaga-Bandoro, Batangafo and Bangui.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.