• Crisis Severity ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,704,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,328,000 People displaced [?]
  • 2,200,000 People in Need [?]
  • 1,467,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

07/05/2021

Violence in CAR continues, despite a February 2019 peace agreement between the government and non-state armed groups.? 

The conflict began in 2013 between the Séléka and anti-balaka armed groups in central CAR. Armed conflict has since spread and has destabilised the country, resulting in human rights abuses and targeted killings along communal lines. The conflict has led to mass displacement. Over 738,279 people in CAR, most of them children, were estimated to be internally displaced as at 31 March 2021.?As at 27 April 2021, 370,000 children were internally displaced – the highest number recorded in CAR since 2014.?

On 15 December 2020, a coalition of armed groups launched an offensive to try and derail the 27 December election, generating additional displacements throughout the country. A total of 276,000 people have been internally displaced by this surge in violence since mid-December, including 129,000 who remain displaced as at 27 February.? Food shortages and increased food prices have been reported, as the violence temporarily halted transport along the country’s main supply route between Bangui and Garoua-Boulai (in Cameroon). ? 

INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 8.6/10. CAR's vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are of particular concern.?

 

Latest Developments

16/11/2022

At least 11 people have been killed and 42 injured in 40 incidents involving improvised explosive devices (IED) since the start of 2022. Three out of every four victims were civilians. Such incidents have increased significantly, rising from 2 in 2020 to at least 40 in 2021. Ouham-Pendé and Nana-Mambéré are among the prefectures where most incidents have been recorded. Armed groups’ use of IEDs has limited people’s movement and access to services such as schools and health facilities. Presumed presence of IEDs is reducing people’s access to fields, movement of livestock, commercial activities, and the supply of markets – while more than 2.6 million people are expected to be in need of food assistance, including 642,000 facing Emergency (IPC-4) food security outcomes between September and March. Delivery of humanitarian aid is often delayed as there is presumed presence of IEDs on certain roads, causing temporary suspensions and detours, especially in the west and northwest of CAR.?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

High constraints

CAR faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving despite significant physical and security constraints. A decrease in denial of entitlement to assistance and administrative constraints for aid workers to enter the country were reported due to the lifting of some COVID 19 related measures. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.  

Food security

27/05/2021

Nearly 2.29 million people (47% of the total population analysed) are projected to face severe food insecurity during the lean season between April–August 2021. Around 633,000 people are expected to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity, while approximately 1.66 million people are expected to be in a Crisis situation (IPC Phase 3). Compared to September 2020–April 2021 forecasts expecting 1.93 million people to face a Crisis or Emergency situation, the food situation will be deteriorating slightly in April–August 2021. The main driver of increased levels of food insecurity is the surge in violence in the context of the December 2020 presidential and legislative elections. The second wave of COVID-19 and related containment measures continue to affect households’ livelihoods, causing loss of jobs and high prices in the markets and increasing households’ vulnerability to food insecurity. The 2020 harvests were disrupted by the deterioration of the security situation, leading to limited production and a low level of stocks, which affect populations heavily dependent on their own production.?

Update form the October 2020 Global Risk Analysis

06/04/2021

Loss of state authority following contested elections leads to an increase in armed group activity and in the severity of humanitarian needs

On 15 December 2020, six armed groups formed the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) and launched an offensive to try to derail the electoral process in the lead-up to the 27 December elections.? The formation and activity of this coalition generated increased displacement and humanitarian needs and affected the delivery of goods. The election was held as scheduled; however, voting did not occur in 29 of CAR’s 71 sub-prefectures and access to voting sites in six other sub-prefectures was limited. The results were confirmed on 18 January by the constitutional court and Faustin-Archange Touadéra was reelected as president.?

A surge in violence continued after the election and led to 276,000 new IDPs, of whom 129,000 are still displaced as armed group activity prevents them from returning. 112,000 refugees have also fled to DRC, Chad, Cameroon, and Republic of Congo. Newly displaced people are in need of protection (sexual and gender-based violence protection, child protection, and official documentation), as well as shelter, WASH, food, non-food items, and healthcare, depending on the resources available at host locations.?

The CPC also imposed a blockade on CAR’s main supply route between Garoua-Boulaï (Cameroon) and Bangui, which 80% of the country’s imports transit through. At one point, up to 1,600 trucks - including 500 with humanitarian supplies - were blocked at the border.? The first escorted convoys reached Bangui on 8 and 16 February, signaling the reopening of the route.? The blockade led to an increase in food prices and food shortages.? The risk outlined in October 2020 materialised, but with slightly different developments and triggers than those that ACAPS had initially identified.

Read the full latest Global Risk Analysis here.

Key Priorities

27/10/2020

Protection: People who are affected by violence – particularly IDPs and returnees – are in need of protection assistance. Needs include psychosocial support, child protection, GBV, and access to civil documentation.

WASH: 2.5 million people are in need of WASH support as a result of insufficient and damaged WASH infrastructure. Seasonal floods increase the severity of needs for the affected population.

Health: Children under five, pregnant and breastfeeding women, the elderly, and rape survivors are particularly in need of healthcare assistance. Unmet needs in other sectors make the population more vulnerable to endemic diseases. ?