Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Conflict sharply escalated in 2016, with fighting among ex-Seleka as well as with anti-balaka in central CAR, and resulting in human rights abuses and targeted killings along communal lines. Clashes have spread through Haute-Kotto, Basse-Kotto, Ouaka, Nana-Grebizi, Ouham, and Ouham Pende. The government is calling for a lift of the UN arms embargo implemented against the country since 2013, to permit a wider deployment of the national armed forces (FACA) ?. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA) faces a hostile environment with increased critics from the government and local leadership, and attacks against its members by different armed groups ?.
The population’s access to essential services is constrained. The national health system lacks qualified staff and health facilities have been damaged in conflict. Services and access are disrupted by insecurity, lack of supplies and staff departures. Massive displacements have also impacted the WASH situation. Only half of the population has access to drinkable water and more than 34% practice open-air defecation, increasing the transmission risk for vector- and water-borne diseases ?. Food security is impacted as agricultural production has been damaged, and livelihoods and market activities disrupted. Most IDPs and some host communities are in need of food assistance ?.
INFORM measures CAR's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 8.5/10. CAR's vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are of particular concern ?.
06/06: Two cases of vaccine derived poliovirus have been reported in Bambari, Central African Republic. WHO reported on 24 May that there was a significant risk of the disease spreading, as both cases were among internally displaced persons. Polio vaccine coverage in the affected area is approximately 50%.?
21/05: The armed group, "3R", killed over 34 and injured at least three civilians during attacks in villages in the northwest on 21 May. This was the largest attack since 3R, together with 13 other armed groups, signed a peace agreement in February. ?
Humanitarian access hasn’t improved during the reporting period due to protracted conflict and a stalling peace process. Violent attacks against humanitarian convoys and looting of facilities continue to be regularly reported. Between September 2018 and February 2019, at least 171 security incidents affecting international and local NGOs were reported, including three aid workers killed, 14 injured, and two abducted. The presence of armed groups is restricting the movement of the population and constrains their access to services, especially around IDP camps. Road and transport infrastructure are underdeveloped and poorly maintained, leaving some areas completely inaccessible or hard to reach. Armed groups have blocked main roads connecting to neighbouring countries, demonstrating the extent of their control over some parts of the territory.
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