As of end of 2017, conflict in CAR has displaced more than 1.1 million people, including over 600,000 registered IDPs - the highest number of IDPs since August 2014 and a 50% increase in 2017 alone. ??200,000 new IDPs were recorded between February and late October 2017; they were mainly fleeing violence in Haut Mbomou, Mbomou, Ouham Pende, Ouaka, and Nana-Grebizi. ? As of October, new large-scale displacements were reported across the country, including in Batangafo, Zemio, Bria, Kaga-Bandoro, and Bangassou. ?The majority (68%) of IDPs live with host communities, whereas nearly 25% of IDPs are in IDP camps and a small number in the bush.?? Most IDPs live below the poverty line and are in need of protection and basic services, such as clean water, healthcare, or education. ? ?
Bangui and Bimbo
All IDP camps have been closed in Bangui since November 2016 under a government plan to support returns.? Some returning IDPs have reported difficulties finding accommodation due to lack of livelihoods and little government assistance and it remains unclear whether IDPs remain in Bangui.? As of August, some returning IDPs also report difficulties accessing drinking water, food, and education services. It is unclear how many returnees from Bangui are affected.? In October, IDP returnees in Bangui still report difficulties in finding accommodation, since most of them have found their homes destroyed or occupied. Most IDP returnees have no or limited financial means to rebuild their houses. ?
On 15 November population displacements were reported in Kembe, Dimbi (Basse-Kotto), and Pombolo (at the border between Basse-Kotto and Mbomou) following fighting that have been taking place since September. A recent assessment has identified 11,750 IDPs in the area connecting the three towns: 7,400 have been registered in Dimbi, 3,250 in Kembe, and 1,100 in Pombolo. Among the IDPs, a large number also comes from the areas of Satema and Mingala, two towns in Basse-Kotto at the border with Mbomou. ?
Since June, fighting in and around Mobaye has displaced 75–90% of 24,500 residents of Mobaye to DRC and remote islands along the Ubangi River.?? As of 23 July, 98% of the 18,452 people in Alindao were estimated to be living in IDP camps or with host families. WASH, protection and NFI needs were reported.? In the first week of August, the displaced population in the Catholic church of Alindao reached 17,556, an increase of 15% compared to the last week of July due to ongoing insecurity.?Following clashes on 24-25 August, 6,800 people were displaced in Kongbo.? New displacements have been reported in Alindao since 14 September, following clashes that took place between Alindao and Bambari. Given a number of villages in the area were burnt, IDPs found refuge with host families and on the site of the Catholic Mission of Alindao. ?
In September, 15,000 people who fled fighting in Mingala are reported in Mbopouloubou village, 60 km east from Alindao.?
As of July, 77,000 IDPs have been recorded in the prefecture. Most of the influx took place from April-May.??An estimated 68% of people who live in the prefecture are displaced.? Fighting between ex-Seleka and anti-balaka forces in Bria since mid-May has displaced over 41,000 people out of the 47,500 inhabitants of the city.? IDPs are located in six displacement sites. New IDPs continued to be registered also in October and November, following protracted fighting in the area surrounding Bria. At the end of November, 35,499 IDPs were registered in the PK3 IDPs camp alone, against 26,747 at the end of September: an increase of 24% in the space of two months. ?The total number of IDPs in all Bria is reported to be 56,600.? ?
From June-July the number of IDPs in the prefecture almost doubled to 42,300.? In Zemio, 22,700 people, amounting to 80% of the town's total population, were displaced between 28 June and 7 July due to fighting between alleged UPC fighters and local militia.? 4,000 are staying at Zemio's health centre and 5,000 are hosted at the Catholic mission, and between 6,000-11,000 are in the vicinity of Zemio.?They are all in need of WASH, shelter, food and health.?? In mid-August, renewed fighting has forced IDPs in Zemio to move again. Some fled to DRC, whereas others went along the Zemio-Rafai road.? Since 25 September a resurgence of violence has displaced 15,500 people within Haut-Mbomou. 11,000 people had reportedly crossed the border to DRC. IDPs are in need of humanitarian assistance. Yet, due to security reasons, humanitarian activities, including health assistance, are suspended. ?
On 3 December, some 10,300 IDPs were registered in the area of Rafai, in Mbomou prefecture, following clashes in Dembia that took place at the end of November. The majority of IDPs are living in the bush or in public buildings. They are in urgent need of shelter, NFIs, and health assistance. ? Fearing that conflict in Dembia could be extended to Rafai, additional displacements were registered in in Rafai as of 27 November. 3,000 people have reportedly left some neighbourhoods of the town of Rafai to seek refuge in the MINUSCA camp of Agoumar, not far from the city centre. ?
As of July, nearly 50,000 IDPs have been recorded in the prefecture.?
Displacement from Niem to Bouar was reported following the attack and temporary occupation of Niem by the 3R in the last week of August. An additional 2,000 people moved towards Bocaranga, Ouham-Pende, between 21 and 25 August.?15,000 IDPs from Bocaranga and 8,000 IDPs from Niem registered in September did not have access to humanitarian assistance. ? Between 2 and 5 October, humanitarian organisations recorded at least 1,390 new IDPs in Bouar sub-prefecture, following the fighting in Niem and Bocaranga. As of 13 October 9,296 IDPs were registered in Bouar.??As of mid-November, 1,600 IDPs have been returning from Bouar to Niem following a de-escalation of conflict. IDP returnees in Niem are in need of food, NFIs, and healthcare. ??
Since 24 November, 1,200 IDPs were recorded in Gamboula as a result of the clashes registerd in the village of Libala and in the area that connects the towns of Nassole and Nangoko. ?
Over 4,900 IDPs coming from Saragba and Combattant 2 have found refuge in Batangafo following continual clashes in Saragba since 19 October. IDPs in Batangafo area are reportedly in need of NFIs and food.?On 30 October, an attack by armed groups in the centre of Batangafo, not far from the town's church, led to fresh displacement of IDPs. Their number and destination are unknown.? Restrictions of movement of humanitarian staff in the town limits aid delivery and increases people's need for assistance.? Violence continues to be registered in Kagoue 2, Ouogo, and Kambakatoka, in the area from Batangafo to Bossangoa. Due to the insecurity in the area, population displacements continue. ? IDP returnees in the town of Kabo and Sido are reportedly still dependent on humanitarian assistance due to difficulties in socio-economic reintegration. ?
In early December, some 2,000 CAR refugees returned to the village of Degaulles from Cameroon. The refugees had fled to Cameroon in 2016, when the sub-prefecture of Koui was occupied by an armed group. Lack of humanitarian assistance in the host communities, as well as an improved security situation are reasons for return. ?
At the end of November, 3,000 people reportedly left the village of Pendé seeking refuge in the town of Paoua, following the attack of an armed group. ?
As of 23 September, the entire population of Bocaranga fled, after an armed group identified with 3R attacked and occupied the city. The majority of the displaced people from Bocaranga found refuge with host families in the town of Bozoum.??? NFIs, WASH and food are reported needs for at least 3,338 IDPs in Bozoum.? As of 9 October, following the end of 3R occupation of Bocaranga, IDPs reportedly started returning to their hometown. As of 17 October, IDP returnees constituted the 10% of Bocaranga's population, estimated at 18,000 people. ? IDP returnees to Bocaranga are in need of WASH, food, shelter, NFIs, health, and education.?? As of end of October, some 4,000 IDP returnees were able to return to their homes in Bocaranga.?
As of 17 October, 5,000 IDPs returned to Ngaoundaye. The IDPs had fled Ngaoundaye following the town's occupation by and armed group in July. ?
Internal displacements were registered in the town of Ippy at the beginning of December, following clashes between FPRC and UPC forces allied against opposing anti-balaka factions. The exact number of IDPs in Ippy is unknown, yet it was reported that the majority found refuge in the town's church. ?
Between 12 and 18 September, around 16,000 IDPs fled from Basse-Kotto to Ouaka following clashes. NFIs, food, WASH and protection are urgently needed. ? Between 18 September and 10 October, around 8,000 people fled to Bambari town following clashes in Basse-Kotto, Mbomou, and Haute-Kotto. As of 17 October, the number of IDPs in Bamabari had reached 31,632 people, compared to 23,700 on 18 September. ? Following tensions in Kouango, preventive displacements have been reported. Yet, no exact number of IDPs number has been recorded. ?