Fighting in CAR is characterised by overlapping tensions between ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka, Muslim and Christian communities, and pastoralists and farmers.? Alliances shift as armed groups attempt to gain or consolidate control over territories and resources. ? In Mbomou, Basse-Kotto and Haut-Mbomou prefectures, violence is sometimes driven by underlying ethnic tensions.?Since beginning of 2018 high levels of violence have been recorded in Haute and Basse-Kotto, Mbomou, Ouham, and Ouham-Pende, and Ouaka prefectures, as well as in Bangui.? Conflict in these prefectures is characterised by fighting among different armed groups, including self-defense militias, targeted attacks against MINUSCA forces and civilians, and ethnic violence.? Armed groups are currently controlling over 70% of the country.?
LRA attacks and abductions are frequent in Mbomou and Haut-Mbomou, as the group is present in areas bordering DRC. Since 2017, attacks and abductions by the LRA were also reported in Haute-Kotto and DRC.?
On 31 March, the self-defence armed group "Force" attacked the MINUSCA base in Bangui. In response, on 8 April MINUSCA and the FACA launched a military operation against the "Force" group. Eight "Force" fighters were arrested.? On 12 April, clashes between armed men supporting "Force" and MINUSCA were reportedin the Muslim PK5 neighbourhood.?On 1 May a group of armed men from PK5 attacked Fatima church during mass, killing six people and injuring 60-100 others. The attack was a response to a new attack by the CAR security forces on a member of the "Force" group.?Violent protests took place on 4 May following the attack on Fatima church.?Conflict in Bangui continued until the end of May. On 4 June local news sources reported that following a warrant of arrest for Nimery Matar, head of the 'Force' self-defence group in PK5 neighbourhood, he ordered his armed group and any other armed person in PK5 to disarm. It is unclear if this will have any effect on the humanitarian and political situation in Bangui.?Conflict in Bangui between March and June 2018 resulted in at least 70 deaths and 360 injuries and in the displacement of at least 10,000 people from the 3rd district, where the Muslim PK5 neighbourhood is located, to neighbouring and safer districts?
On 20 June clashes between the ex-Seleka factions FPRC and MPC were registered in Ndele town, resulting in 28 deaths and five people severely injured.? According to local news sources the town is currently under the control of the FPRC. Agricultural and trade activities, as well as school final exams have been suspended as a result of the clashes.?
Escalation of violence was registered in the surroundings of Mobaye town on 28 May, after an armed group killed the leader of a village 7km from Mobaye and injured three inhabitants of Lagandji village. By 3 June, the situation had calmed.?On 17 May a MINUSCA peacekeeper was killed and eight others were wounded in Alindao sub-prefecture by presumed anti-balaka elements. The 17 May death was the third peacekeeper killed in CAR since beginning of 2018.?
The security situation in Bria and surrounding villages remains unstable due to the presence of armed groups who regularly target both the local population and IDPs living in the PK3 camp.? Anti-balaka, the FPRC, the UPC, and self-defence militias are based in Bria and they both attack or fight against fighters and/or civilians belonging to "opposing" religious or ethnic groups, such as Fulani, Arabs, and Muslims. However, a number of anti-balaka in the area are allied with ex-Seleka factions such as the FPRC, who are mostly Muslim.? Armed groups are also present within PK3 IDP camp. After an armed group re-organised at the beginning of June, a number of protection incidents were observed in PK3. On 2 June three IDPs were injured by armed men.? Clashes between rival armed groups are also recurrent in the surroundings of Bria. On 21-22 June clashes between two armed groups, allegedly belonging to anti-balaka and ex-Seleka factions took place 5km from Bria town. Two people were injured. ?
The LRA is also present in Haute-Kotto.? Since early 2018 the LRA has been particularly active in Yalinga sub-prefecture. The latest attack by the LRA was recorded on 2 April in the town of Bani, resulting in four deaths and several people kidnapped.?
On 1 July clashes between armed groups in Gbambia village led to the displacement of 1,994 people to Amada-Gaza town and into the bush. Access to assist the IDPs in the area is very limited due to insecurity.? At the end of June, following the attack by armed men to the village of Bomboko (at 47km from Amada-Gaza town) some 1,600 people fled in the border area between CAR and Cameroon. As the humanitarian access is very limited due to the presence of armed groups, humanitarian organisation are unable to identify the needs of the displaced population in the area.? On 3 June a MINUSCA Blue Helmet from Tanzania was killed by armed men in Dilapoko village, 85km from Berberati.?
On 22 June the MPC attacked a number of villages in Mbres area. On 28-29 June the MPC and anti-Balaka elements clashed in Mbres. No displacement was reported due to the fighting.?
Between end of 2017 and early 2018, clashes between the Revolution et Justice (RJ) and ex-Seleka armed men were reported in Bodjomo (north of Ouham prefecture). No renewed clashes were reported since early February in Bodjomo, but these armed groups remain present in northern Ouham.?
On 25 June an armed attack in two villages at 70 km from Kabo town led to the displacement of some 323 people towards Kabo. Other people fled into the bush. Needs for IDPs have not yet been identified as humanitarian access in the area is very limited due to insecurity, poor road conditions, and a lack of bridges.?
The town of Batangafo is reportedly under the control of ex-Seleka since 30 October 2017.?
Between 5 and 8 June unidentified armed men have been carrying out a number of attacks in Ndim village, leading to the displacement of some 8,000 people towards Bocaranga.?
Since beginning of 2018, a number of clashes between the UPC, anti-balaka, and the gendarmerie or MINUSCA forces were registered in Ouaka, especially in and around Bambari and Ippy. On 2 June MINUSCA forces launched airstrikes against the UPC in Ouaka.? Despite MINUSCA airstrikes the UPC presence continues in Ouaka, especially in Bambari and Bangassou. On 6 June clashes between two armed groups were registered in the centre of Bambari.? On 10 June the UPC attacked a FACA convoy in Bambari. Three FACA soldiers and one Russian soldier died in the clashes.?On the same day, the UPC also attacked the MINUSCA patrol accompanying the FACA in Bambari, killing one Burundian peacekeeper.? Following 10 June clashes a number of UPC fighters started to leave Bambari for Kaga-Bandoro, in Nana-Grebizi prefecture.? Latest clashes in Bambari further limited humanitarian access, preventing some organisations to carry out a multisectoral assessment in Bambari area, and led to new displacements within Bambari town (no IDP figure available).?
On 13-14 June armed men attacked the IDP site of the Catholic Church of Ippy. An unknown number of IDPs has further displaced. As Ippy is currently under the control of an armed group, humanitarian organisations operating in Ippy are based in Bambari. Yet, as the security situation in Bambari is also deteriorating, it is difficult to assess the needs and humanitarian situation of civilians in Ippy town.?