• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 10,344,000 People in Need [?]



The Boko Haram crisis began in 2009 in Nigeria and a few years later spread to neighboring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Ongoing violence is caused by both Boko Haram attacks and the counter-insurgency operations, undertaken by Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF). The MNJTF was created in 1998 and reactivated in 2012. Among other tasks, the MNJTF is mandated to conduct ‘counter-terrorism’ operations in Lake Chad Basin region.? The regional crisis has caused internal and cross-border displacement, physical destruction, and has exacerbated the food insecurity in the region. From December to March 2019, there has been an escalation in high-profile Boko Haram attacks.? 

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access


High Constraints 

Humanitarian access continues to be restricted due to the unpredictable security situation in Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad. Particularly in northeast Nigeria, a marked deterioration in access was observed over the parst few months due to increased Boko Haram attacks and military operations. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible. Access to the Far North region, Cameroon remains restricted as Boko-Haram related violence increased in March and the threat of IEDs persists. 

Information Gaps and Needs

  • Information on inaccessible areas is difficult to obtain.