• Crisis Severity ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 27,600,000 Total population [?]
  • 3,755,000 People affected [?]
  • 3,755,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

17/08/2022

Overview

02/12/2022

Cameroon has been experiencing an interplay of protracted crisis situations which continues to define political, economic and social developments in the country. Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation of the minority English-speaking regions by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016.?This has resulted in the emergence of different separatist groups clamouring for the creation of a self-proclaimed Ambazonian Republic in the northwest and southwest. Clashes between the military and the separatist forces has intensified insecurity in the regions, leaving over 600,000 people internally displaced and about 85,900 people seeking refuge in Neighbouring Nigeria.?

Boko Haram's insurgency in Nigeria's  northeast has also spilled over into Cameroon's Far North region, mainly due to the proximity and porosity of borders between the two countries. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin.?More than 133,000 Nigerian refugees fled to Cameroon's far north, while violence by Boko Haram and the Islamic State in West Africa Province (ISWAP) has also internally displaced more than 377,000 people in the same area.?

Apart from the above, Cameroon is also host to over 353,000 refugees from CAR mainly due to conflict.?The CAR refugees are predominately located in the Est, Adamaoua and Nord regions.

Latest Developments

02/11/2022

More than 150,000 people have been affected by flooding resulting from heavy rainfall and river overflow in the Far North region since August. Floods have destroyed over 18,000 homes and at least 27,400 hectares of fields. Water points and latrines were damaged and more than 5,800 cattle lost. School activities were disrupted as more than 126 schools were flooded, affecting more than 38,000 students. Mayo-Danay, Logone et Chari, and Mayo-Tsanaga are the most affected departments. Access to the affected areas is reduced due to flooded roads while the presence of hippos in the waterways discourages travel by boat. Thousands of people have been displaced to areas not affected by the floods with limited access to drinking water, latrines, and food. The majority of displaced people are with host families or in makeshift shelters in the open air. Most urgent needs include shelter, WASH, food, NFIs and healthcare.?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

high constraints

Cameroon faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving due to the reduction in the number of successive lockdown days in the North-West and South-West regions. Previous impediments, including floods and COVID-19 related border closure were no longer present, allowing better access to aid for people in need, and less restricted movement for humanitarian workers.  

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.  

Key Priorities

27/06/2022

Protection: Top priority for affected populations is protection. Attacks by both Boko Haram, the separatists and Cameroonian armed forces are still ongoing in the far north, the northwest and southwest respectively.

Health: Nearly 300 health facilities are no longer fonctional due to the intensification of the Anglophone crisis. This intensifies deteriorating health conditions for the over 4 million people living in the English-speaking regions. A cholera outbreak have been declared in October 2021. As of 30 April, 4,677 positive cases and 78 related deaths are reported.? Currently, there are 13 hospital beds per 10,000 population in the whole of Cameroon and existing health facilities complain of a lack of technical and medical personnel.?

Education: 85% of schools have been shut down and over 620,000 children have been forced out of school since both the Anglophone and Boko Haram crisis began. Students are forced to stay at home as their school buildings were either burnt or converted to separatists’ camps in the northwest and southwest. Forced school boycotts are also enforced by separatists in these areas, making education a priority need for affected populations.?

Information gaps and needs

09/07/2020

Insecurity continues to play a major role in information gaps recorded for needs assessment as sporadic attacks in the Northwest and Southwest continues.