Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Cameroon: Escalation of the Anglophone crisis
Cameroon is host to over 271,000 refugees from CAR and around 106,000 from Nigeria, mainly due to conflict.?The CAR refugees, predominately located in the Est and Adamaoua regions, depend on humanitarian assistance. Most refugees from Nigeria live in Minawao camp, in Far North region and their primary needs are protection, WASH, and livelihood support.
The Boko Haram (BH) insurgency spilled over into Far North region from neighbouring Borno state in Nigeria in 2014. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin.?
Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016.?
INFORM ranks the risk of humanitarian crisis at 5.7/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 4.9, vulnerability 6.3, and lack of coping capacity at 5.9/10.?
12/02/2020: Municipal and legislative council elections took place in Cameroon on 9 February 2020 amidst heavy military presence, a partial boycott by the opposition and a separatists-enforced lock-down in the northwest and southwest. While a lot of people had fled the English-speaking regions before the elections, attacks between separatists and Cameroonian military prevented others from voting, leading to low turnout in the English-speaking regions?
Very high constraints
Access has deteriorated in Cameroon, particularly in the North-West and South-West regions where hostilities between Anglophone separatists and the government have heightened insecurities. The presence of both state security forces and non-state armed groups challenge the humanitarian space throughout these regions by imposing roadblocks, demanding exchanges for relief, and confiscating aid. Continued violence, poor roads, and lockdowns restrict the movement of people in the Anglophone regions. In the Far North, infrastructure is inadequate to ensure access to communities during the rainy season. Ongoing violence from Boko Haram poses threats to humanitarian workers and the population. Concern continues for the growing number of IDPs across the country, particularly those in the North-West and South-West regions, who struggle to access basic services.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security: 2.6 million people are in need of food assistance due to preexisting vunerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity. ?
Protection: Over 1.3 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North and Anglophone regions.?
WASH: 1.4 million people are in need of WASH assistance, mainly in Adamoua, East, North and Far North regions.?
Information gaps and needs
Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border.
Low international presence in Southwest and Northwest regions results in a lack of detailed information on the impact of the Anglophone crisis. ?