• Crisis Severity ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 11,730,000 People affected [?]
  • 4,434,000 People in Need [?]
  • 280,000 Refugees from Central African Republic [?]
  • 105,000 Refugees from Nigeria [?]
  • 900,000 Internally displaced people [?]

Overview

28/05/2019

Almost 10% of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly due to conflict and displacement. There are over 280,000 refugees from CAR and around 105,000 from Nigeria in Cameroon due to conflict in those countries.? CAR refugees are mainly located in the East and Adamaoua regions, and are dependent on humanitarian assistance. Most refugees from Nigeria live in Minawao camp, in Far North region and their primary needs are protection, WASH, and livelihood support.

The Boko Haram (BH) insurgency spilled over into Far North region from neighbouring Borno state in Nigeria in 2014. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin.?

Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016.? Secessionists have increasingly targeted civilians and civil servants since the beginning of 2018. Over 260 security incidents were recorded between January and September 2018.?

INFORM ranks the risk of humanitarian crisis at 5.7/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 4.9, vulnerability 6.3, and lack of coping capacity at 5.9/10.?

Latest Developments

05/07/2019

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team

Humanitarian Access

28/05/2019

HIGH CONSTRAINTS

Humanitarian access continues to be restricted due to the volatile, unpredictable security situation, travel restrictions, and poor road conditions. Widespread violence and insecurity in the Anglophone Northwest and Southwest regions at the hands of state security forces and separatists deteriorated in the past six months and started spreading to neighbouring Francophone regions. Increased targeting of civilians, health and education facilities has limited access to services. The interruption of humanitarian operations and access is further exacerbated by government-installed curfews; lockdowns imposed by separatists, and damage to roads and bridges deliberately aimed to restrict mobility. Access to the Far North region remains restricted as Boko-Haram related violence increased in March and the threat of IEDs persists.

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview

Key Priorities

29/05/2019

Food security:  2.6 million people are in need of food assistance due to preexisting vunerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity. ?

Protection: Over 1.3 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North and Anglophone regions.?

WASH: 1.4 million people are in need of WASH assistance, mainly in Adamoua, East, North and Far North regions.?

Information gaps and needs

29/05/2019

Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border.

Low international presence in Southwest and Northwest regions results in a lack of detailed information on the impact of the Anglophone crisis.