Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Almost 10% of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly due to conflict and displacement. There are over 280,000 refugees from CAR and around 105,000 from Nigeria in Cameroon due to conflict in those countries.? CAR refugees are mainly located in the East and Adamaoua regions, and are dependent on humanitarian assistance. Most refugees from Nigeria live in Minawao camp, in Far North region and their primary needs are protection, WASH, and livelihood support.
The Boko Haram (BH) insurgency spilled over into Far North region from neighbouring Borno state in Nigeria in 2014. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin.?
Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016.? Secessionists have increasingly targeted civilians and civil servants since the beginning of 2018. Over 260 security incidents were recorded between January and September 2018.?
INFORM ranks the risk of humanitarian crisis at 5.7/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 4.9, vulnerability 6.3, and lack of coping capacity at 5.9/10.?
10/06: On 10 June, Boko Haram launched a large-scale attack on Darak island in the Far North region, killing more than 100 people, including up to 16 civilians. In mid-May a nearby border crossing with Nigeria was re-opened after five years, indicating a normalisation of the security situation. Information on humanitarian needs of the affected population is limited.?
Humanitarian access continues to be restricted due to the volatile, unpredictable security situation, travel restrictions, and poor road conditions. Widespread violence and insecurity in the Anglophone Northwest and Southwest regions at the hands of state security forces and separatists deteriorated in the past six months and started spreading to neighbouring Francophone regions. Increased targeting of civilians, health and education facilities has limited access to services. The interruption of humanitarian operations and access is further exacerbated by government-installed curfews; lockdowns imposed by separatists, and damage to roads and bridges deliberately aimed to restrict mobility. Access to the Far North region remains restricted as Boko-Haram related violence increased in March and the threat of IEDs persists.
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Food security: 2.6 million people are in need of food assistance due to preexisting vunerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity. ?
Protection: Over 1.3 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North and Anglophone regions.?
WASH: 1.4 million people are in need of WASH assistance, mainly in Adamoua, East, North and Far North regions.?
Information gaps and needs
Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border.
Low international presence in Southwest and Northwest regions results in a lack of detailed information on the impact of the Anglophone crisis.