Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The Boko Haram (BH) insurgency in Nigeria expanded into the Far North region, northern Cameroon in May 2014. Violence and insecurity linked to BH and counter-insurgency operations have caused internal and cross-border displacement, deteriorated socio-economic conditions, and led to widespread destruction of houses, infrastructure, roads, markets, health, and education facilities. 1.9 million people, almost half of the population, need assistance in the Far North, where 74% of its population was already living below the poverty line prior to the BH incursion in 2014.? The volatile security situation has restricted food access and availability by limiting agricultural activity, decreasing livelihood options, and weakening trade. The presence of more than 250,000 IDPs and some 80,000 refugees increases pressure on the host community and further drives food insecurity. Close to half of the 3 million acutely food insecure people in Cameroon can be found in the Far North (1.2 million moderately food insecure and 128,000 severely food insecure). ?
10/06: On 10 June, Boko Haram launched a large-scale attack on Darak island in the Far North region, killing more than 100 people, including up to 16 civilians. In mid-May a nearby border crossing with Nigeria had been re-opened after five years, stating a normalisation of the security situation. Information on humanitarian needs of the affected population is limited.?
Humanitarian access continues to be restricted due to the volatile, unpredictable security situation, travel restrictions, and poor road conditions. Widespread violence and insecurity in the Anglophone Northwest and Southwest regions at the hands of state security forces and separatists deteriorated in the past six months and started spreading to neighbouring Francophone regions. Increased targeting of civilians, health and education facilities has limited access to services. The interruption of humanitarian operations and access is further exacerbated by government-installed curfews; lockdowns imposed by separatists, and damage to roads and bridges deliberately aimed to restrict mobility. Access to the Far North region remains restricted as Boko-Haram related violence increased in March and the threat of IEDs persists.
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