Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Cameroon: Education crisis in North West and South West regions
Cameroon: COVID-19 outbreak
Cameroon: Escalation of the Anglophone crisis
Longstanding grievances among the Anglophone population based in Northwest (NW) and Southwest (SW) regions concerning marginalisation, particularly in the education and legal systems, by the Francophone-dominated government led to widespread protests in October 2016. When protesters were met with force by Cameroonian security personnel in late 2017, the situation escalated into an armed conflict with increasing support in the Anglophone region to seek independence from Cameroon as an independent English-speaking Republic of Ambazonia.?Some 20 separatist groups, including the Ambazonia Military Forces (AMF), regularly clash with the Cameroonian security forces in the NW-SW regions.?Meanwhile, grave human rights violations and discriminatory treatment of Anglophone civilians by the Cameroonian security forces are regularly reported and drive opposition against the government in the Anglophone regions. ? The breakdown of basic services in the Anglophone region has sparked the displacement of more than 600,000 people to NW, SW, West, and Littoral regions as well as over 85,900 people to Nigeria.?
The school year has started on 5 September, but thousands of children have been unable to return to class in the Northwest and Southwest regions because of the lockdown imposed by some separatist groups who ordered the closure of public schools until 1 October. The intensification of attacks by armed separatist groups since early September is also forcing people (including students and teachers) to flee to safer areas, hampering access to education further. Although some separatist armed groups tolerate the resumption of classes in schools deemed to be in line with their ideology, many parents remain reluctant to send their children to school for fear of abduction and attacks on teachers, students, and parents. Two out of three schools were non-operational in 2021 in the Northwest and Southwest regions, affecting more than 700,000 students – a trend that is likely to worsen with the recent attacks on school facilities.?