• Crisis Severity ?
    3.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,000,000 People affected [?]
  • 580,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,327,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

17/01/2020

Longstanding grievances among the Anglophone population based in Northwest (NW) and Southwest (SW) regions concerning marginalisation, particularly in the education and legal systems, by the Francophone-dominated government led to widespread protests in October 2016. When protesters were met with force by Cameroonian security personnel in late 2017, the situation escalated into an armed conflict with increasing support in the Anglophone region to seek independence from Cameroon as an independent English-speaking Republic of Ambazonia.?Some 20 separatist groups, including the Ambazonia Military Forces (AMF), regularly clash with the Cameroonian security forces in the NW-SW regions.?Meanwhile, grave human rights violations and discriminatory treatment of Anglophone civilians by the Cameroonian security forces are regularly reported and drive opposition against the government in the Anglophone regions. ? The breakdown of basic services in the Anglophone region has sparked the displacement of more than 536,000 people to NW, SW, West, and Littoral regions as well as over 46,000 people to Nigeria.?

Latest Developments

05/12/2019

Two months after the Grand National Dialogue, which sought solutions to the ongoing Anglophone crisis in NWSW regions, tensions between separatists and military forces appear to be rising. Amidst continued attacks and violence, on 1 December a  commercial plane landing in NW was shot at by the separatist Ambazonia Governing Council (AGC), who alleged the vehicle was transporting soldiers and weapons. While the plane landed safely, the AGC has claimed that the targeting of incoming flights may continue. One day prior, on 30 November, an aid worker was abducted and killed by an armed group. It is not yet clear who is responsible, but this is the first time an aid worker has been killed in Anglophone regions. The combination of these two attacks signifies a deteriorating security situation in NWSW, which may hamper humanitarian access in an already constrained operational space.?

Humanitarian Access

05/12/2019

VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS

Access has deteriorated in the North-West and South-West (NWSW) regions where hostilities between Anglophone separatists and the government have heightened insecurities. The presence of both state security forces and non-state armed groups challenge the humanitarian space throughout these regions by imposing roadblocks, demanding exchanges for relief, and confiscating aid. Continued violence, poor roads, and lockdowns restrict the movement of people in the Anglophone regions. Concern continues for the growing number of IDPs across the NWSW, who struggle to access basic services.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.