Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Longstanding grievances among the Anglophone population based in Northwest (NW) and Southwest (SW) regions concerning marginalisation, particularly in the education and legal systems, by the Francophone-dominated government led to widespread protests in October 2016. When protesters were met with force by Cameroonian security personnel in late 2017, the situation escalated into an armed conflict with increasing support in the Anglophone region to seek independence from Cameroon as an independent English-speaking Republic of Ambazonia.?
Some 20 separatist groups, including the Ambazonia Military Forces (AMF), regularly clash with the Cameroonian security forces in the NW-SW regions.? Meanwhile, grave human rights violations and discriminatory treatment of Anglophone civilians by the Cameroonian security forces are regularly reported and drive opposition against the government in the Anglophone regions. ? Continuous fighting and the breakdown of basic services in the Anglophone region has sparked the displacement of more than 530,000 people to NW, SW, West, and Littoral regions as well as 35,000 people to Nigeria.?
Movement restrictions imposed by both armed separatist groups, and government and separatist attacks targeting education and health facilities and workers in the NW-SW regions are driving humanitarian needs. Humanitarian access and the population’s access to health, education, WASH, shelter, and protection are severely limited. ? Insecurity and restrictions on movement have made access to crops and markets a challenge, causing food insecurity. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. THis country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Humanitarian access continues to be restricted due to the volatile, unpredictable security situation, travel restrictions, and poor road conditions. Widespread violence and insecurity in the Anglophone Northwest and Southwest regions at the hands of state security forces and separatists deteriorated in the past six months and started spreading to neighbouring Francophone regions. Increased targeting of civilians, health and education facilities has limited access to services. The interruption of humanitarian operations and access is further exacerbated by government-installed curfews; lockdowns imposed by separatists, and damage to roads and bridges deliberately aimed to restrict mobility. Access to the Far North region remains restricted as Boko-Haram related violence increased in March and the threat of IEDs persists.
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