Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Cameroon: Escalation of the Anglophone crisis
Longstanding grievances among the Anglophone population based in Northwest (NW) and Southwest (SW) regions concerning marginalisation, particularly in the education and legal systems, by the Francophone-dominated government led to widespread protests in October 2016. When protesters were met with force by Cameroonian security personnel in late 2017, the situation escalated into an armed conflict with increasing support in the Anglophone region to seek independence from Cameroon as an independent English-speaking Republic of Ambazonia.?Some 20 separatist groups, including the Ambazonia Military Forces (AMF), regularly clash with the Cameroonian security forces in the NW-SW regions.?Meanwhile, grave human rights violations and discriminatory treatment of Anglophone civilians by the Cameroonian security forces are regularly reported and drive opposition against the government in the Anglophone regions. ? The breakdown of basic services in the Anglophone region has sparked the displacement of more than 536,000 people to NW, SW, West, and Littoral regions as well as over 46,000 people to Nigeria.?
Two months after the Grand National Dialogue, which sought solutions to the ongoing Anglophone crisis in NWSW regions, tensions between separatists and military forces appear to be rising. Amidst continued attacks and violence, on 1 December a commercial plane landing in NW was shot at by the separatist Ambazonia Governing Council (AGC), who alleged the vehicle was transporting soldiers and weapons. While the plane landed safely, the AGC has claimed that the targeting of incoming flights may continue. One day prior, on 30 November, an aid worker was abducted and killed by an armed group. It is not yet clear who is responsible, but this is the first time an aid worker has been killed in Anglophone regions. The combination of these two attacks signifies a deteriorating security situation in NWSW, which may hamper humanitarian access in an already constrained operational space.?
VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS
Access has deteriorated in the North-West and South-West (NWSW) regions where hostilities between Anglophone separatists and the government have heightened insecurities. The presence of both state security forces and non-state armed groups challenge the humanitarian space throughout these regions by imposing roadblocks, demanding exchanges for relief, and confiscating aid. Continued violence, poor roads, and lockdowns restrict the movement of people in the Anglophone regions. Concern continues for the growing number of IDPs across the NWSW, who struggle to access basic services.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.