The security situation in Cameroon is mainly characterised by Boko Haram (BH) in Far North region and the Anglophone crisis in the Southwest and Northwest regions. Areas along the border with CAR in East and Adamoua regions are also facing a precarious security situation, with high level of banditry.?
Boko Haram (BH)
The BH insurgency spilled over into the Far North region from neighbouring Borno state in Nigeria in 2014.?? After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH insurgency in Lake Chad basin. Logone-et-Chari and Mayo-Sava departments are the most affected by the crisis, accounting for 75% of all security incidents in the Far North region in 2017.? 60 suicide attacks, often involving children, were carried out in Cameroon in 2017, 50% more than the previous year.?
There was a slight increase in the number of BH attacks in Far North region towards the end of June. Fifteen security incidents involving BH were recorded in June, almost half of which (7) were recorded within the last week of the month. In comparison, 12 incidents involving BH were reported in May.?
Longstanding grievances among the Anglophone community in the Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation by the Francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016. The separatist movement has grown since the beginning of 2017, when independent movements formed the Southern Cameroon Ambazonia Consortium United Front (SCACUF) to seek international recognition of an independent, English speaking Republic of Ambazonia.? There was a sharp escalation of conflict in the second quarter of 2018. Over 200 deaths, including 77 civilians, related to the conflict were recorded within the two months of April and May compared to 425 people, including 142 civilians, killed in total since October 2016.?
Tensions peaked on 1 October 2017 when protests to symbolically proclaim independence were organised in 40 localities throughout the Northwest and Southwest regions.? Between 28 September and 2 October, at least 40 people were killed and over 100 wounded in the protests.? The incursion of government forces in houses as well as violent arrests were reported in several localities.?
Clashes between secessionists and the army continue, triggering further displacement and disrupting the healthcare, education and livelihood systems driving significant needs.? Since the beginning of 2018, secessionists have been increasingly targeting civilians and civil servants whereas their attacks were previously oriented towards Cameroonian security forces (see chart below).?