Almost 10% of the population in Cameroon is in need of humanitarian assistance, primarily in Far North, North, Adamaoua, and East regions. This is mainly due to conflict and displacements. Conflict in both Nigeria and CAR has led to displacement of refugees to Cameroon. As of October, there are 216,000 CAR refugees and 89,000 Nigerian refugees in Cameroon.

INFORM considers that the risk of humanitarian crisis varies widely, from very high in the Far North to very low in western areas of the country. Nationally, the risk is 6.2/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 6.8, and lack of coping capacity at 6/10. ? 

Key figures

  • 3,300,000 people in need  [?]
  • 238,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 335,000 refugees  [?]
  • 2,600,000 food insecure  [?]
  • 1,500,000 in need of health assistance  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: Almost 1 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North, where many of the displaced are living. 60% are children (OCHA 31/12/2015).

Food security: Due to structural vulnerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity (OCHA 07/12/2015).

Health:  1.5 million people are in need of health assistance.  ?

Information Gaps and needs

Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border. (OCHA 31/12/2015)

There have been discrepancies in the reported number of refugees from CAR (UNHCR, OCHA). Some sources argue that the number of refugees is underestimated.? 

Key documents

The Humanitarian Fallout from Cameroon’s Struggle Against Boko Haram



Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Cameroon