Almost 10% of the population is in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly due to conflict and displacement. There are over 255,000 refugees from CAR and around 95,000 from Nigeria in Cameroon due to conflict in those countries. CAR refugees are mainly located in the East and Adamaoua regions, and are dependent on humanitarian assistance. Most refugees from Nigeria live in Minawao camp, in Far North region and their primary needs are protection, WASH, and livelihood support.

The Boko Haram (BH) insurgency spilled over into Far North region from neighbouring Borno state in Nigeria in 2014. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin. ?

Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016. ? Secessionists have increasingly targeted civilians and civil servants since the beginning of 2018. Over 260 security incidents were recorded between January and September 2018. ?

INFORM ranks the risk of humanitarian crisis at 5.7/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 4.9, vulnerability 6.3, and lack of coping capacity at 5.9/10?

Latest Developments

12/02: Ongoing fighting between armed secessionists and the Cameroonian army since 5 February in several major cities of the two anglophone regions led to at least 16 civilian fatalities. Secessionists have established a 10-day lockdown, banning many activities and forcing people to stay inside until 14 February.?

31/01: Some 35,000 people from Rann, Nigeria fled to Cameroon following the departure of security forces from the city. Humanitarian efforts to respond to the influx have been scaled up,  but capacity remains limited. Displacement caused by the Boko Haram conflict continues to disturb access to basic services and livelihoods in Cameroon. ?

29/01: On 26 January public protests contesting alleged irregularities in the electoral process were met with extreme force by Cameroonian authorities. Seven people were shot and wounded in Doula, and over a hundred protesters were arrested. Over 50 have been released since, while the rest have been placed under administrative custody. ?

Key figures

  • 3,300,000 people in need  [?]
  • 244,000 IDPs in far north region  [?]
  • 437,000 IDPs as a result of the anglophone crisis  [?]
  • 372,000 refugees  [?]
  • 2,600,000 food insecure  [?]
  • 1,200,000 in need of health assistance  [?]

Key priorities

Food security:  2.6 million people are in need of food assistance due to preexisting vunerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity. ?

Protection: Over 1.3 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North and Anglophone regions.?

WASH: 1.4 million people are in need of WASH assistance, mainly in Adamoua, East, North and Far North regions.?


Information Gaps and needs

Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border.

Low international presence in Southwest and Northwest regions results in a lack of detailed information on the impact of the Anglophone crisis.