Almost 10% of the population in Cameroon is in need of humanitarian assistance, primarily in Far North, North, Adamaoua, and East regions. This is mainly due to conflict and displacements. Conflict in both Nigeria and CAR has led to displacement of refugees to Cameroon. There are over 210,000 refugees from CAR and around 90,000 from Nigeria. CAR refugees are mainly located in the East and Adamaoua regions, and remain strictly dependent from humanitarian assistance. The majority of refugees from Nigeria live in Minawao camp, in Far North region. Protection, WASH, and livelihood are among the most severe needs for Nigerian refugees in Cameroon. The Anglophone crisis ongoing since late 2016 is disrupting education and livelihood systems in Southwest and Northwest regions, and driving internal displacement as well as refugees into neighbouring Nigeria.
INFORM considers that the risk of humanitarian crisis varies widely, from very high in the Far North to very low in western areas of the country. Nationally, the risk is 6.2/10. Hazard and exposure risk stands at 6.8, and lack of coping capacity at 6/10. ?
Food security: 2.6 million people are in need of food assistance due to structural vulnerabilities exacerbated by population movements and general insecurity.?
Protection: Over 1.3 million people are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North and Anglophone regions.?
WASH: 1.4 million people are in need of WASH assistance, mainly in Adamoua, East, North and Far North regions.?
Information Gaps and needs
Due to insecurity and limited number of humanitarian actors in the region, there are information gaps on population needs in some areas in the Far North near the Nigerian border.
Low international presence in Southwest and Northwest regions results in a lack of detailed information on the impact of the Anglophone crisis.