• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 21,135,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,142,000 People displaced [?]
  • 2,170,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports


Special Reports




The presence and activities of Islamist armed groups have increasingly impacted the Sahel, Centre-Nord, Nord, Est, and Boucle du Mouhoun regions, although the influence of such groups can also be seen in the regions bordering Mali and across to the Niger border. Three groups are active: Ansarul Islam, the Group to Support Islam and Muslims (JNIM), and Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS). ? The armed groups are instrumentalising pre-existing tensions between farmers and herders. Rising violence since 2019 had resulted in the displacement of more than 1 million people by the end of 2020. ?

Increasing violence, displacement, and COVID-19 have resulted in rising food insecurity. The number of food insecure people increased by 65.7% between December 2019–December 2020. Food stocks and crops are abandoned during displacements and farmland is not always available in host communities.?

Healthcare needs are high, as access to services is poor and insecurity has led to the suspension of services in several health centres.?Access to water is a major issue, particularly in the Sahel and Est regions.? Insecurity had also caused 2,208 schools to close as at 12 February 2021, affecting more than 314,000 students.?

INFORM measures Burkina Faso’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.4/10. Vulnerability and coping capacity are at concerning levels: 7.1 and 6.5 respectively.?


Latest Developments


On 5 June, a non-state armed group attacked Solhan village in Yagha province (Sahel region), killing 138 people and injuring dozens. Homes and the market were torched. The assailants first targeted the “Volontaires pour la défense de la patrie” (VDP), a self-defence militia, before entering the village and firing on the inhabitants. More than 3,300 people fled to the neighbouring villages of Sebba and Sampelga, with few or no personal belongings. Most of them were welcomed by host families. IDPs are in urgent need of WASH, shelter, non-fooditems  and medical care. The attack was in the Liptako Gourma area, between Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, where civilians, national and self-defence forces are regularly targeted by suspected Islamist armed groups. This is the deadliest attack recorded in Burkina Faso since 2015. Humanitarian response is underway. ?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Humanitarian Access


High constraints

Increasing insecurity and the resulting displacement are restricting humanitarian access. The number of IDPs rose from 280,000 in September 2019 to over 1 million in September 2020. The arrival of newly displaced popu-lations has overwhelmed humanitarian operations and social services, especially in the education and health sectors as schools and health facilities frequently come under attack. The situation is particularly critical in the Sahel region, where only 8.3% of the region’s health centres are fully operational. State presence is weak in parts of the Centre-Nord, Nord, and Sahel regions where the activities of armed groups limit humanitarian movement. People in need in the Sahel can sometimes not be accessed, as armed groups surround and cut off certain areas. Repeated displacements lead some populations to more remote areas, where access is more likely to be affected by seasonal flooding. Poor road quality poses an additional logistical constraint in the delivery of aid.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

Key Priorities


Food security is a particular concern in Nord, Centre-Nord, Est and Sahel regions as insecurity hampers the population's access to agricultural fields?

Protection is a priority for populations affected by insecurity, particularly in the Sahel and Centre-Nord regions, where attacks against civilians have been increasing and where most of the displaced people live?. Some 21,000 refugees from Mali are also concentrated in those areas?.

Health services remain severely restricted. 82 health facilities have been closed because of violence and 243 are partially functional – these developments leave at least 846,000 people without access to healthcare in the conflict-affected regions. ?