• Crisis Severity ?
    3.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 21,537,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,797,000 People displaced [?]
  • 3,517,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

19/10/2022

Special Reports

29/04/2020

Overview

21/02/2022

The presence and activities of Islamist armed groups have increasingly impacted the Sahel, Centre-Nord, Nord, Est, and Boucle du Mouhoun regions, although the influence of such groups can also be seen in the regions bordering Mali and across to the Niger border. Three groups are active: Ansarul Islam, the Group to Support Islam and Muslims (JNIM), and Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS). ? The armed groups are instrumentalising pre-existing tensions between farmers and herders. Rising violence since 2019 had resulted in the displacement of more than 1.5 million people as at December 2021. ?

Increasing violence, displacement, and COVID-19 have resulted in rising food insecurity. As at 13 November 2021, more than 1.6 million people were estimated to be experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity between October–December 2021. The situation is likely to worsen in the coming months as over 2.6 million people across the country are likely to be facing severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) between June–August 2022 because of depleted food stocks, rising food prices, and low incomes.?

Healthcare needs are high, as access to services is poor and insecurity has led to the suspension of services in several health centres.?Access to water is a major issue, particularly in the Sahel and Est regions.? Insecurity had also caused 3,405 schools to close as at 31 January 2022, affecting 525,299 students.?

INFORM measures Burkina Faso’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be at 5.5/10. Vulnerability and coping capacity are at concerning levels: 7.4 and 6.5 respectively.?

Latest Developments

26/10/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access

16/12/2022

VERY High constraints

Humanitarian access in the country has deteriorated in the past six months as armed groups expanded their area of influence across the country. An estimated 40% of the territory was not under state control in September. The multiplication of areas besieged by armed groups in Est, Nord, and Sahel regions has significantly increased movement restrictions for civilians and humanitarians. Aid delivery convoys in areas surrounded by armed groups are often attacked, and the resulting insecurity has led to fewer convoys travelling to deliver food and aid. During these attacks, armed groups would burn trucks carrying humanitarian aid and steal supplies. In areas besieged by armed groups, thousands of people who could only leave their area under military escort no longer have access to healthcare and schooling since many public services are non-functional. Access to water has also become particularly limited after armed groups destroyed dozens of water points.

Since June, at least four aid workers have been kidnapped, one injured, and one killed. Attacks on health structures and threats and intimidation against health personnel, particularly in Sahel region, have prompted many health workers to flee making access to health services even more limited. Humanitarian flights, in some cases the safest means of aid delivery in certain areas under the control of non-state armed groups, remain irregular because of limited capacity and are often suspended by insecurity. Non-state armed groups’ destruction of roads, bridges, and telecommunication infrastructure, as well as the presence of IEDs, aim at isolating certain areas from the rest of the country, further limiting humanitarian access in Est, Centre-Nord, Nord, and Sahel regions. Poor road conditions deteriorated further during the rainy season (mid-May to mid-October), hampering humanitarian movement.

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – December 2022

Key Priorities

16/03/2021

Food security is a particular concern in Nord, Centre-Nord, Est and Sahel regions as insecurity hampers the population's access to agricultural fields?

Protection is a priority for populations affected by insecurity, particularly in the Sahel and Centre-Nord regions, where attacks against civilians have been increasing and where most of the displaced people live?. Some 21,000 refugees from Mali are also concentrated in those areas?.

Health services remain severely restricted. 82 health facilities have been closed because of violence and 243 are partially functional – these developments leave at least 846,000 people without access to healthcare in the conflict-affected regions. ?