• Crisis Severity ?
    3.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 21,135,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,615,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,442,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

29/04/2020

Overview

21/02/2022

The presence and activities of Islamist armed groups have increasingly impacted the Sahel, Centre-Nord, Nord, Est, and Boucle du Mouhoun regions, although the influence of such groups can also be seen in the regions bordering Mali and across to the Niger border. Three groups are active: Ansarul Islam, the Group to Support Islam and Muslims (JNIM), and Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS). ? The armed groups are instrumentalising pre-existing tensions between farmers and herders. Rising violence since 2019 had resulted in the displacement of more than 1.5 million people as at December 2021. ?

Increasing violence, displacement, and COVID-19 have resulted in rising food insecurity. As at 13 November 2021, more than 1.6 million people were estimated to be experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity between October–December 2021. The situation is likely to worsen in the coming months as over 2.6 million people across the country are likely to be facing severe acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) between June–August 2022 because of depleted food stocks, rising food prices, and low incomes.?

Healthcare needs are high, as access to services is poor and insecurity has led to the suspension of services in several health centres.?Access to water is a major issue, particularly in the Sahel and Est regions.? Insecurity had also caused 3,405 schools to close as at 31 January 2022, affecting 525,299 students.?

INFORM measures Burkina Faso’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be at 5.5/10. Vulnerability and coping capacity are at concerning levels: 7.4 and 6.5 respectively.?

Latest Developments

07/09/2022

A convoy travelling on the Djibo-Bourzanga road (Sahel region) on 5 September hit an improvised explosive device, killing at least 35 civilians, mostly merchants who supply food and other goods to Djibo, and students returning to Ougadougou. At least 37 people were injured. Djibo hosts more than 285,000 IDPs in addition to a pre-existing population of 60,000. The town has been under a blockade by armed groups since February, considerably reducing population movements and limiting humanitarian access. Armed groups have destroyed WASH facilities, telecommunications and road infrastructure, and forced the closure of the weekly livestock market following the blockade. The population depend heavily on the rare supply convoys escorted by the army. Prices of basic foodstuffs in Djibo, which is increasingly isolated from the capital Ouagadougou, have more than doubled compared to the five-year average, and shortages of millet, oil, sugar, and sorghum have been reported. The most urgent needs include food, WASH, healthcare and protection.?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

High constraints

Burkina Faso faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.  

Key Priorities

16/03/2021

Food security is a particular concern in Nord, Centre-Nord, Est and Sahel regions as insecurity hampers the population's access to agricultural fields?

Protection is a priority for populations affected by insecurity, particularly in the Sahel and Centre-Nord regions, where attacks against civilians have been increasing and where most of the displaced people live?. Some 21,000 refugees from Mali are also concentrated in those areas?.

Health services remain severely restricted. 82 health facilities have been closed because of violence and 243 are partially functional – these developments leave at least 846,000 people without access to healthcare in the conflict-affected regions. ?