Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since 2016, Brazil has been significantly affected by the Venezuelan refugee crisis, and currently hosts more than 224,000 Venezuelans who have fled their home country as a result of political and economic turmoil.?Most Venezuelans who have fled to Brazil are being hosted in camps and host communities in the state of Roraima, which is located near the Brazil-Venezuela border. ?
In what was defined as “a milestone in refugee protection in the region” by UNHCR, the National Committee for Refugees (CONARE) has granted over 21,000 asylum requests by Venezuelans on a prima facie basis on 5 December. This comes as part of a group-based status determination adopted by CONARE, which last June decided that the serious and generalised human rights violations happening in Venezuela are enough to grant refugee status in the current juridical framework, based on the 1984 Cartagena declaration on refugees.
Based on data from September, there should now be around 98,000 pending asylum applications submitted by Venezuelans. In order to benefit from this fast-track to refugee status determination, without waiting for an interview, Venezuelans must be living in Brazil, be in possession of a Venezuelan ID, not hold any other residence permit, be over 18 and have no criminal record in the country. The protection outlook for Venezuelans is thus expected to improve and so is the workload of the national asylum system, which before December 2019 had conceded asylum only to 263 Venezuelans out of 3,473 cases dealt with.?