Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Brazil: Floods in Bahia and Minas Gerais
As at 21 October 2021, Brazil hosted around 261,400 Venezuelan refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers, representing 18% of the total 1.3 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in the world. ? The main ports of entry are through the states near the northern border region: most Venezuelans in Brazil enter through and stay in the states of Roraima (50%) and Amazonas (19%). Border closures related to COVID-19 in 2020 have increased irregular movements, creating an information gap on the actual number of migrants and refugees who have entered Brazil. Data is available for Roraima, where in 2020, more than 20,000 refugees and migrants entered and stayed in the state. ? The high flow of migratory movements in Roraima has meant that the main sectoral need is accommodation, as many of the shelters are already functioning at maximum capacity. ?
In terms of climatic and weather conditions, some states and municipalities are more prone than others to natural disasters because of their geographical position. States in the northwest of the country are more prone to wet weather and heavy rainfall, ?which makes them also prone to flooding. Since November 2021, heavy rains and flooding have occurred in the states of Bahia and Minas Gerais, causing emergencies in at least 337 municipalities. ? As at 16 January, 92,460 people have been displaced, 50 people have died, and approximately 965,650 people have been affected in the two states. ? The overflowing of two dams in Bahia and heavy rains in both states have also caused damage and destruction to houses, road infrastructure, and bridges, leading to delays in the delivery of humanitarian aid.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. More detailed information about the floods in the states of Bahia and Minas Gerais (Brazil) can be found in this briefing note.