Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Armenia and Azerbaijan: Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh
On 27 September 2020, heavy fighting broke out between Azeri and Armenian forces in and around the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The region is recognised as part of Azerbaijan but is de-facto controlled by an ethnic Armenian administration.?
On 9 November, Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a Russian-brokered ceasefire. Under its provisions, Armenia will return Aghdam, Kelbajar, and Lachin districts, along with parts of Gazakh district, to Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan will maintain control over territory gained in Nagorno-Karabakh during the latest conflict. Russian peacekeepers will be deployed in the remaining areas of Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor that connects Stepanakert to Armenia. The deal also calls for the return of IDPs and refugees to Nagorno-Karabakh, without providing any further details. ?
Cities in Nagorno-Karabakh and neighbouring Armenia and Azerbaijan have been hit by shelling, causing casualties and damaging civilian infrastructure. As of 2 November, there were 138 reported civilian deaths – 45 in Nagorno-Karabakh, two in Armenia, and 91 in Azerbaijan.?
According to the Government of Azerbaijan, 40,000 people in the country have been displaced by the current conflict. 90,000 ethnic Armenians are reported to have fled from Nagorno-Karabakh into Armenia.? Arrivals in Armenia have been reported in Goris, near Nagorno-Karabakh, and Yerevan, the capital.?
The needs and severity of the affected population is not yet known, although it is estimated that they will likely face increased needs across all sectors. The limited coping capacity of urban centres receiving high numbers of spontaneous arrivals is of concern. Multiple families are reported to be sheltering in small quarters, increasing the risk of COVID-19 transmission. Shelter and NFIs are a priority as winter begins in this mountainous region.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Detailed information on displacement flows into Armenia and Azerbaijan is not available. The location of displaced people within Azerbaijan is unknown.