• Crisis Severity ?
    3.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    1.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Overview

05/01/2022

The southern provinces of Angola are facing a severe food crisis caused by the effects of the drought on agriculture and livelihoods (particularly between November 2020 and January 2021). Below-average rainfall from 2018 until the 2020–2021 rainy season (which runs from November–April) contributed to the worst drought recorded in the country since 1981.?

Below-average rains significantly reduced agricultural production – the main household activity in the affected areas. Lack of water and pasture has caused loss of livestock, further affecting livelihoods. A reduction in purchasing power related to an increase in food prices (caused by low cereal production and local currency depreciation) and the locust infestation, which has also caused considerable damage to crops in some municipalities of Cunene, Huíla, and Namibe provinces, are compounding the effects of the drought. These factors further reduce access to food for low-income households. In Cunene and Huíla, the occupation of communal grazing land by commercial cattle farmers deprived traditional pastoralists of fertile lands, undermining their ability to produce food.?

In Cunene, Huila, and Namibe, over 1.3 million people were estimated to be experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) between July–September 2021. The situation is likely to worsen in the coming months as over 1.58 million people in southern Angola are likely to experience high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) between October 2021 and March 2022.?

Latest Developments

05/01/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities

05/01/2022

WASH

Access to potable drinking water is a major challenge, particularly in rural areas of Huíla and Cunene provinces. Access to WASH is increasingly deteriorating, with negative impacts on local communities’ health.?

Food

The prolonged drought made traditional pastoralists unable to produce food for their consumption. Rising food prices further reduce their coping capacity.?

Health

Around 114,000 children under the age of five are suffering or are likely to suffer from acute malnutrition in the next 12 months. The consumption of unsafe water and the low rate of vaccination against infectious diseases contribute to high levels of acute malnutrition.?