Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 373 Fatalities reported [?]
The Western Mediterranean Route from North Africa, mainly Morocco and Algeria, to Spain is an important crossing for migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach Europe by sea. As of 1 December, UNHCR reports 29,835 people having arrived in Spain in 2019 of which 24,416 arrivals were by sea.? Morocco (29.4%), Guinea (12.9%), and Algeria (12.2%) are the main countries of origin of migrants and asylum seekers arriving in Spain in 2019. As of 9 December, 425 migrants have lost their lives in the Western Mediterranean in 2019.?
At least 60 passengers drowned off the coast of Mauritania, after a boat with up to 180 migrants capsized on December 4. The boat set off from Gambia for the Canary Islands on November 27. 83 survivors swam to the shores of Nouadhibou, a coastal city, after the boat capsized whilst trying to approach Mauritania to stock up on food and supplies. Another 2 passengers were rescued later. Another boat with 192 passengers was intercepted a few days later between the country’s capital Nouakchott and Nouadhibou, like the first one apparently on its way to Spain. All the survivors and the passengers of the second vessel were repatriated to their home countries, Gambia and Senegal. Between 2005 and 2010, many died attempting to reach the Canary Islands and in recent months more boats on this route have been intercepted; although Senegal remains a top country of origin of migrants arriving in Spain, Gambia is not. Mauritania is reportedly undertaking investigations into those potentially responsible for the deaths.?