• Crisis Severity ?
    1.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    1.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    1.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    1.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 174,000 People displaced [?]

Overview

27/05/2019

At least 173,600 Sahrawi refugees are living in five camps located in Tindouf province. Most refugees arrived since the escalation of the conflict in Western Sahara in 1975, or were born in the camps. 90,000 of them are considered particularly vulnerable by UNHCR due to their heavy reliance on humanitarian assistance to access food, water, education, and other necessities. Livelihood is constrained in the camps, located in a remote desert area where employment opportunities are almost non-existent. ?

In May 2019, Algerian authorities decided to confiscate the Algerian passports of Sahrawi refugees that were used to travel abroad. This decision has caused protests in Tindouf refugee camps. ?

INFORM measures Algeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 4.7/10. Lack of coping capacity and Hazard and Exposure are of particular concern at 4.6/10 and 5/10 respectively.?

Latest developments

03/04/2019

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Key Priorities

29/05/2019

Food and Livelihoods: The remote location of the camps and the limited access to resources constrain employment opportunities and render the refugees dependent on humanitarian activities. ?Around 77% of the refugees in the Sahrawi camps rely on aid to meet their food needs.

Information Gaps and Needs

29/05/2019
  • The data on Sahrawi refugees has not been updated since 2017 and only captures the refugees living inside the camp. There is no information on the out-of-camp population.