• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 250,000 People affected [?]
  • 5,000 People displaced [?]
  • 4,874 Buildings destroyed [?]



Afghanistan is prone to sudden-onset disasters including avalanches, landslides, river flooding and flash floods. Limited flood protection infrastructure, growing settlements in flood-prone areas, and climate change are compounding the impact of flooding. In spring 2019, above-average precipitation, high snowpack levels, and dried out soils following a severe drought in 2018 led to devastating floods and flash floods.? Flood risk persists in mountainous areas and rivers that receive snowmelt. ? Since February 2019, some 260,000 people have been affected by flooding across 25 of 34 provinces.? Despite causing significant damages to houses and other infrastructure, flooding can also pose difficulties for agricultural activity due to the destruction of seeds, crops, and excess water delaying planting. However, as most spring flooding in 2019 occurred in urban areas, the impact on agriculture is estimated to be relatively low.? 7.5 million people live in flood risk areas in Afghanistan.?

Latest Developments


27/05: Heavy rainfall since 23 May led to flash floods in Kabul, Parwan, Ghour, Herat, Bamyan and Ghazni provinces. At least 24 people have been killed, 11 injured and more than 330 houses damaged or destroyed. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 250,000 people have been affected by floods, and 34,000 houses have been severely or completely damaged by natural hazards.?

Humanitarian Access


Very High Constraints

Poor road conditions, remoteness, and mountainous terrain restrict access in Afghanistan, aggravated by heavy rainfall since late February.