Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.5.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Afghanistan is prone to sudden-onset disasters including avalanches, landslides, river flooding and flash floods. Limited flood protection infrastructure, growing settlements in flood-prone areas, and climate change are compounding the impact of flooding. In spring 2019, above-average precipitation, high snowpack levels, and dried out soils following a severe drought in 2018 led to devastating floods and flash floods.? Flood risk persists in mountainous areas and rivers that receive snowmelt. ? Since February 2019, some 260,000 people have been affected by flooding across 25 of 34 provinces.? Despite causing significant damages to houses and other infrastructure, flooding can also pose difficulties for agricultural activity due to the destruction of seeds, crops, and excess water delaying planting. However, as most spring flooding in 2019 occurred in urban areas, the impact on agriculture is estimated to be relatively low.? 7.5 million people live in flood risk areas in Afghanistan.?
27/05: Heavy rainfall since 23 May led to flash floods in Kabul, Parwan, Ghour, Herat, Bamyan and Ghazni provinces. At least 24 people have been killed, 11 injured and more than 330 houses damaged or destroyed. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 250,000 people have been affected by floods, and 34,000 houses have been severely or completely damaged by natural hazards.?
Very High Constraints
Poor road conditions, remoteness, and mountainous terrain restrict access in Afghanistan, aggravated by heavy rainfall since late February.