Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
A magnitude 5.9 earthquake that registered at a depth of 10km hit eastern Afghanistan on 21 June, affecting the remote and mountainous provinces of Khost and Paktika. The epicentre of the earthquake was around 50km southwest of Khost city. An aftershock of magnitude 4.3 hit the affected area on 24 June. The earthquake and subsequent impacts killed over 1,000 people and injured around 3,700 others.
Critical infrastructure sustained widespread damage and destruction. Those affected include at least 4,500 homes, seven schools, and health facilities and water networks, raising the risk of communicable diseases, such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera, and malaria.
The most affected districts are Barmal and Gayan in Paktika province and Spera in Khost province. All the affected areas had been facing very high humanitarian needs even before the earthquake. Almost 55% of the refugees from Pakistan reside in these two provinces. 95% were already experiencing inadequate shelter conditions, with a lack of access to WASH facilities. One of the main issues affecting refugees’ access to these services has been the lack of health and nutrition facilities in both provinces.
Children in these two provinces have highly constrained access to child protection services mainly because of their geographically remote locations.
The impact of the earthquake has resulted in 362,000 people needing humanitarian assistance, particularly emergency shelters and NFIs, healthcare, food security, agricultural support, and WASH assistance. The affected population also require education, protection, and nutritional support. ?
Over 1,700 cases of acute watery diarrhoea were newly detected between 25 June and 16 July 2022 in Gayan and Barmal districts in Paktika province and Spera district in Khost province. Cholera caused 14 of these cases. The risk of communicable diseases increased because of rising summer temperatures and the 21 June earthquake, particularly in these three most affected districts, damaging critical infrastructure (such as health facilities and water systems). ?