• Crisis Severity ?
    4.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    4.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 41,800,000 Total population [?]
  • 35,900,000 People affected [?]
  • 12,385,000 People displaced [?]
  • 24,420,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports

23/06/2022

Overview

15/08/2022

Following an offensive that saw the Taliban take control of almost all districts previously held by the government, the Taliban entered the capital Kabul in August 2021 and consolidated their power in Afghanistan. The Afghanistan government collapsed, and the Taliban nominated some of their members to form a government in communication with a ‘coordination council’ formed by Afghan leaders to manage the transfer of power. ?Despite the Taliban’s taking control of much of the country, other resistance and armed groups started to challenge their authority. ?

Over 24 million people require humanitarian assistance in 2022.?Economic shocks are the main driver of humanitarian needs in Afghanistan. The average monthly income has fallen by 15% since last year. Reduced incomes, increased debt, and rising prices for basic goods such as food and fuel have resulted in households spending less on essential services including education and healthcare. Households in rural areas are particularly affected by the deteriorating economy, reporting higher debt and a higher proportion using emergency coping mechanisms than households in urban areas. Drought-affected communities, households having a member with a disability, and women-headed households with children, particularly girls, are more vulnerable to economic hardship. Access to food remains the priority need.?

Afghanistan is prone to natural disasters, including earthquakes, drought and floods. The government had declared drought conditions in June 2022. Water resources are increasingly strained owing to below-average precipitation since October 2020. Drought has triggered internal displacement, decreased livelihood opportunities, and contributed to food insecurity ?. Flooding regularly affects various parts of Afghanistan, particularly northern and eastern areas. ?

Latest Developments

22/09/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

very high Constraints 

Afghanistan faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving because the widespread conflict and displacement subsided, allowing better access for humanitarians to people in need and resulting in a slight improvement in the access score. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022

Key Concerns

22/09/2022

Food: 20 million people in Afghanistan faced crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher levels of food insecurity between March and May 2022.  ?

Protection: Women face restrictions in accessing property, education, and healthcare, and experience high rates of gender-based violence.?

Education: The protracted conflict and insecurity have affected access to education for at least 4.2 million children, 60% of whom are girls. Access to education for women and girls is particularly limited by sociocultural norms practised by some. The Taliban prevent girls from attending high school. Children in rural areas also face difficulties in accessing education because of the lack of schools, insufficient transportation, and geographical barriers. During natural disasters, parents avoid sending their children to school to safeguard them. ?

Lessons Learnt

15/08/2022

Months with higher temperatures, usually April–October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season – as milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible.?

Heavy rains, which usually fall from January–April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote northern areas of Afghanistan.?

Afghanistan CrisisInSight Core Dataset

22/09/2022

The ACAPS Afghanistan Analysis Hub aims to support a stronger evidence base for humanitarian decision-makers in Afghanistan through inter-sectoral and forward-looking analysis.

This dataset brings together data from a range of sources to provide a greater overall and comparative understanding of the current situation and context inside each district. The core indicators consist of key drivers (conflict, basic commodity prices, exclusion and marginalisation, and disrupted access to life-saving services and income sources) and their major expected humanitarian impacts (food insecurity, cholera).

ACAPS tracks changes in these indicators and alerts the humanitarian community to emerging trends or risks that could overwhelm local coping mechanisms in Afghanistan, triggering a humanitarian emergency.

The dataset is published on HDX and can be found here.