Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Afghanistan: spotlight on social impact July to October 2022
Humanitarian Access Overview 2022
Following an offensive that saw the Taliban take control of almost all districts previously held by the government, the Taliban entered the capital Kabul in August 2021 and consolidated their power in Afghanistan. The Afghanistan government collapsed, and the Taliban nominated some of their members to form a government in communication with a ‘coordination council’ formed by Afghan leaders to manage the transfer of power. ?Despite the Taliban’s taking control of much of the country, other resistance and armed groups started to challenge their authority. ?
Over 24 million people require humanitarian assistance in 2022.?Economic shocks are the main driver of humanitarian needs in Afghanistan. The average monthly income has fallen by 15% since last year. Reduced incomes, increased debt, and rising prices for basic goods such as food and fuel have resulted in households spending less on essential services including education and healthcare. Households in rural areas are particularly affected by the deteriorating economy, reporting higher debt and a higher proportion using emergency coping mechanisms than households in urban areas. Drought-affected communities, households having a member with a disability, and women-headed households with children, particularly girls, are more vulnerable to economic hardship. Access to food remains the priority need.?
Afghanistan is prone to natural disasters, including earthquakes, drought and floods. The government had declared drought conditions in June 2022. Water resources are increasingly strained owing to below-average precipitation since October 2020. Drought has triggered internal displacement, decreased livelihood opportunities, and contributed to food insecurity ?. Flooding regularly affects various parts of Afghanistan, particularly northern and eastern areas. ?
On Saturday 24 December, the Taliban imposed a ban on women working for national and international NGOs, claiming that many of the organisations' female workers do not apply the imposed dress codes. Some NGOs had to suspend operations, as more than 50% of staff are women. The reduction of staff affects the performance of humanitarian operations. More than 24 million people in Afghanistan depend on humanitarian aid; following the ban, which lead to reduced NGOs' capacity, people in need risk being deprived of humanitarian aid and assistance. At least a quarter of all households across the country are headed by women. Their difficulties to obtain and maintain a job under the Taliban government, the scarcity of livelihoods, and the restricted access to goods and services provided by humanitarian organisations will deteriorate their living conditions. Recent reports indicate that, the Ministry of Public Health provided assurance that female healthcare employees and those in office support positions may resume their jobs and a few organizations restarted their health, nutrition and education services. However, other essential activities are still suspended because they heavily rely on female staff facilitation. ?
very high Constraints
Afghanistan faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has been improving because the widespread conflict and displacement subsided, allowing better access for humanitarians to people in need and resulting in a slight improvement in the access score.
For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.
Conflict Induced Displacements
Source : OCHA 27/02/2022 - https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/afghanistan/idps
Food: 20 million people in Afghanistan faced crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher levels of food insecurity between March and May 2022. ?
Protection: Women face restrictions in accessing property, education, and healthcare, and experience high rates of gender-based violence.?
Education: The protracted conflict and insecurity affect access to education, particularly for girls and women. In December 2022, women were banned from accessing higher education, including universities, following the ban on girls from accessing high school in March. The bans are for an indefinite time.?As a result, 2.5 million women and girls currently do not have access to education in Afghanistan. ?At the same time, restrictions on women from working with local and international NGOs make it more challenging for children to access the essential services that female humanitarian workers used to provide, including education.?In rural areas, the lack of schools, insufficient transportation, and geographical barriers add another layer of difficulty for children to access education.?
Months with higher temperatures, usually April–October/November, represent the Afghan fighting season – as milder temperatures make roads and other infrastructure, as well as mountain passes, more accessible.?
Heavy rains, which usually fall from January–April, often cause flash floods and landslides in remote northern areas of Afghanistan.?
Afghanistan CrisisInSight Core Dataset
The ACAPS Afghanistan Analysis Hub aims to support a stronger evidence base for humanitarian decision-makers in Afghanistan through inter-sectoral and forward-looking analysis.
This dataset brings together data from a range of sources to provide a greater overall and comparative understanding of the current situation and context inside each district. The core indicators consist of key drivers (conflict, basic commodity prices, exclusion and marginalisation, and disrupted access to life-saving services and income sources) and their major expected humanitarian impacts (food insecurity, cholera).
ACAPS tracks changes in these indicators and alerts the humanitarian community to emerging trends or risks that could overwhelm local coping mechanisms in Afghanistan, triggering a humanitarian emergency.
The dataset is published on HDX and can be found here.