As of May, Herat is an area of developing conflict, with regular armed clashes in Badghis and Ghor provinces and a notable increase in incidents in Herat. ?
On 3 May an IS suicide bombing killed eight civilians in Kabul as it targeted a NATO convoy.?Kabul province had the highest number of civilian casualties due to suicide and complex attacks in Kabul city in the first quarter of 2017. ?
On 8 March, Islamic State (IS) militants attacked the Sardar Daud Khan Hospital, the main health facility for wounded army soldiers. One of the militants detonated a suicide vest, and there was a standoff between the militants and Afghan Security Forces inside the hospital that resulted in 38 civilians killed and more than 70 others injured. IS also claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing on the Afghan Supreme Court building on 7 February, which killed 20 people and injured 48.????
On 1 March, coordinated suicide attacks by the Taliban killed 22 people and injured 120 others. On 10 January, twin bombings by the Taliban struck near the Afghan parliament, killing 30 people and injuring 80.?
Kabul has been the site of attacks on government buildings and facilities as well as humanitarian organisations. There have also been kidnappings of foreign nationals. The Taliban is responsible for the majority of attacks. However, IS has also undertaken several attacks recently, mostly targeting the Shia Hazara community.
Throughout 2016 IS and Talban attacks resulted in over 500 civilian casualties, damage to government buildings, education facilities and NGO offices (CARE international).??
On 17 May, gunmen attacked the national television and radio centre in Jalalabad, killing six civilians. IS claimed responsibility. ? Nangarhar has recorded the highest level of security incidents so far in 2017. ?On 13 April, the US military dropped the largest non-nuclear bomb, the Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) on IS tunnels in Achin district, Nangarhar Province.? The bomb blast killed 94 IS fighters.? This was part of clearing operations undertaken by both NATO and Afghan Security Forces, intended to eliminate IS threat from the province.?IS attacks in Afghanistan are generally staged from their base in Nangarhar.?
Clashes between Afghan security forces and armed groups such as the Taliban continue to reflect the highly unstable security situation in the region during this year's ongoing spring offensive. ?
A large-scale military operation in Sangin district on 3 February resulted in the deaths of 65 Taliban and 15 civilians. On 2 January several clashes between insurgent groups and Afghan forces were reported in various districts in Helmand province.????
The capital of Helmand province, Lashkar Gah, has been under Taliban threat since October 2015. ? Of Helmand’s 14 districts, six are known to be controlled by the Taliban and another seven, including the provincial capital, are heavily contested. ?
On 17 May, two bombs in the provincial capital killed a total of one civilian and wounded 10 others. It is unclear who is responsible. ? During May in Kandahar, border skirmishes between Afghan and Pakistani security forces in Spin Boldak district continued to increase tensions between the two countries. ?
As of May clashes between Afghan security forces and armed insurgents such as the Taliban have continued to intensify. ? Tarin Kot, the capital of Uruzgan province has been under direct Taliban threat since the beginning of September 2016, when Taliban forces entered the city and battled Afghan forces. The Taliban has since been driven to the outskirts of the city. Of the province’s six districts, one is under Taliban control and the remaining five are heavily contested.?
Pul-i-Khumri, the provincial capital of Baghlan province has been under Taliban threat since May 2016. Pul-i-Khumri district and three more of Baghlan's 13 districts are territories contested by the Taliban.? On 3 March, Tala Barfak district was recaptured by Afghan forces? after it was captured briefly by the Taliban on 1 March following days of heavy fighting.? In 2016 Baghlan experienced an increase in the number of attacks on ANP Checkpoints along the highway linking Pul-i-Khumri and the neighbouring Kunduz City. ? ?
Fighting continues to intensify in the province of Kunduz following the launch of the Taliban's spring offensive, specifically occurring along the Kunduz-Khanabad highway.? ?? on 22 April ,Taliban forces attacked the ANA military headquarters in Mazar-i-Sharif. The Afghanistan defense minister and army chief of staff both resigned following the attack, weakening ANA security forces in the region. ???
On 3 October 2016, the Taliban attacked Kunduz city in an attempt to recapture it. At least three civilians were killed and more than 290 wounded. 24,000 civilians had been displaced by the violence.?? The Taliban occupied large areas of the city for nine days before being pushed back by Afghan forces. The Taliban remain on the outskirts of Kunduz City; all seven districts in the province are - at best - contested.?