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Country analysis

Ghana


A progressive deterioration of the security situation in the northern regions of West African coastal countries is observed. Between October 2022 and January 2023, more than 73 violent incidents involving mostly non-state armed groups have been reported in the northern regions of Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo.

These incidents included attacks on civilians and security forces, kidnappings, the destruction of property, and the use of improvised explosive devices. Benin is the country recording the highest number of attacks by armed groups, followed by Togo. In Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, the attacks are on a smaller scale given a still-low presence of armed groups, but these are becoming more regular.

The violence has started to trigger internal displacement in Benin and Togo. In Benin, at least 1,200 IDPs have been reported in the department of Atakora, while in Togo, more than 2,200 IDPs are registered in the region of Savanes.

Armed group activity in the northern regions of Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo has not seemed to affect food insecurity levels, as the number of food-insecure people remained stable between October–December 2022 compared to the same period in 2021.

(Africanews 28/12/2022, ACLED accessed 13/03/2023, VOA 09/02/2023, Togoweb 14/02/2023, GRANIT 30/11/2022)

A progressive deterioration of the security situation in the northern regions of West African coastal countries is observed. Between October 2022 and January 2023, more than 73 violent incidents involving mostly non-state armed groups have been reported in the northern regions of Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo.

These incidents included attacks on civilians and security forces, kidnappings, the destruction of property, and the use of improvised explosive devices. Benin is the country recording the highest number of attacks by armed groups, followed by Togo. In Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, the attacks are on a smaller scale given a still-low presence of armed groups, but these are becoming more regular.

The violence has started to trigger internal displacement in Benin and Togo. In Benin, at least 1,200 IDPs have been reported in the department of Atakora, while in Togo, more than 2,200 IDPs are registered in the region of Savanes.

Armed group activity in the northern regions of Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo has not seemed to affect food insecurity levels, as the number of food-insecure people remained stable between October–December 2022 compared to the same period in 2021.

(Africanews 28/12/2022, ACLED accessed 13/03/2023, VOA 09/02/2023, Togoweb 14/02/2023, GRANIT 30/11/2022)

Analysis products
on Ghana

Ghana: Floods

29 October 2019

Ghana: Floods

DOCUMENT / PDF / 447 KB

Heavy rains in October have caused flooding in several parts of Ghana. The Upper East region at the border to Burkina Faso is particularly affected. Information on the impact given by the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) and government officials to local media is conflicting. The death toll ranges currently between 28 and 19 people. Initial assessments indicate that at least 26,000 people have been displaced.

Natual hazards
Migration in West and North Africa

30 November 2018

Migration in West and North Africa

DOCUMENT / PDF / 855 KB

These scenarios consider how migration dynamics within and via West and North Africa (including across the Mediterranean Sea) might evolve in the first half of 2019 and the potential humanitarian consequences. The aim is to support strategic planning, create awareness and promote preparedness activities for policymakers and other actors working on migration.

Mixed migration
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