Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
On 30–31 July 2022, torrential rains and thunderstorms caused flash flooding across the country. ? Heavy rains on 5–6 August aggravated the situation, making the July–August 2022 period the wettest since 1999.?
As at 25 August, at least 47,000 people have been affected by the floods; most of them live in the suburbs of urban agglomerations. At least 6,654 people have been displaced across the country. More than 7,800 houses were damaged or destroyed. In many cases, the water does not recede at all or does so at a very slow pace as more rains are recorded, making people whose houses were partially damaged stay in flooded houses. The sewage system overflowed in some areas and mixed with flood waters, increasing the risk of water-related diseases. ?
The floods have damaged some roads, challenging humanitarian access in some areas. Roads becoming impassable have left an unspecified number of people isolated or stranded.?
The floods have led to the destruction of food stocks and flooded land that has become unusable for food cultivation, worsening the food security situation in some of the areas of the Gambia. ? In June–August 2022, about 206,700 people (over 8% of the total population) were projected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food security outcomes.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.