Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
On 17 December 2020, tropical cyclone Yasa (Category 5 intensity) made landfall on Bua district of Vanua Levu (part of the Northern division) – Fiji’s second largest island with a population of over 135,900 people. The same day, the Fiji Government declared a 30-day nationwide state of disaster. Yasa is the strongest cyclone to hit the country since 2016, and had sustained wind speeds of up to 240 km/h and wind gusts of up to 345 km/h. ?
Yasa caused severe damage to essential infrastructure, including electrical power and water infrastructure, public buildings and houses, and agricultural areas. Schools and health facilities were also partially damaged, and over 4,200 houses were damaged or destroyed. 93,000 people – more than 10% of the country’s population – have been affected.?
03/02/2021: Tropical Cyclone Ana made landfall on Viti Levu island on 30 January, with strong winds and heavy rainfall causing flooding and landslides. Over 10,000 people are sheltered in evacuation centers (mostly in Northern and Eastern divisions). Tropical depression Bina brought additional heavy rain on 1 February. Flooding and power disruptions continue.?
13/01/2021: Tropical Cyclone Yasa made landfall on Vanua Levu (Northern Division) on 17 December 2020. The Category 5 storm severely damaged water and electrical power infrastructure, cropland, and buildings, including schools and health facilities. 93,000 people - more than 10% of the country’s population - have been affected. Though most people hosted in evacuation centres have been able to return home, at least 4,200 houses are damaged or destroyed. Shelter, food, and NFI assistance remain priority needs. Needs assessments are ongoing, especially on smaller and harder to reach islands. Figures on impact and costs related to damage and losses are likely to increase. Initial response activities and restoration of essential services continue. COVID-19 measures limit movement of equipment and personnel, making the humanitarian response more challenging.?
Shelter: Over 1,100 houses were destroyed and 3,100 partially damaged. There is a need for emergency shelter assistance and non-food items, such as clothing, cooking equipment, solar lamps, and blankets.?
WASH and health: WASH infrastructure was severely damaged, hindering access to clean water and safe sanitation, and increasing the risk of the spread of waterborne diseases (leptospirosis, typhoid, dengue, and diarrhoea). Over 20 health facilities were also damaged.?
Food security and livelihoods: severe crop damage is a cause for major concern regarding food security and livelihoods. The loss of crops, livestock, and agricultural infrastructure is estimated at USD 3.4 million, with half of the destruction located in the Northern division.?