• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 5,423,000 Total population [?]
  • 160,000 People affected [?]
  • 134,000 People displaced [?]



Violence in the Republic of Congo erupted after the contested re-election of President Denis Sassou-Nguesso for a third term on 20 March 2016. Amid opposition protests on 4 and 5 April 2016, an attack on government buildings in the capital Brazzaville, attributed to members of an armed opposition group known as the Ninja militia, resulted in a government-led military crackdown in Pool department, stronghold of Ninja militia. ? Severe clashes between government forces and the Ninjas have resulted in the internal displacement of thousands of people. ? On 23 December 2017 the government and representatives of the Ninja militia of Pastor Ntumi signed a ceasefire and cessation-of-hostilities agreement. ? In August 2018, the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) process started. As the security situation stabilised in the Pool department, a significant number of people are returning to their places of origins and over 110,000 people are estimated to need assistance due to the Pool crisis. ? The most affected areas have been Kindamba, Vinza, Kimba, Mayama Mbandza Ndounga and Goma Tse Tse. As of October 2018, people returning to these are was lacking access to potable water, health services and education. The conflict severely also severely disrupted food production in the region, where 90% of households are dependent on agriculture. Updates on the humanitarian situation in the Pool region are limited. 

INFORM measures Congo's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5.5/10, an increase from 5.2/10 in 2018. Congo's vulnerability is measured at 6/10. ?

Latest Developments


Heavy rainfall since late September caused flooding in Likouala department. Flooding concerns were raised in July, when rainfall was reported at twice the seasonal average. 46,000 people in over 70 villages have been affected as of 18 October. Flooding has forced premature harvesting and destroyed crops, raising concerns about food security. Prices of essential goods are already higher than average due to COVID-19-related border closures, and are likely to further increase with the effects of the floods. Other needs are not yet known, but displacement of affected populations into the forest is likely to increase health risks, should they lack adequate shelter and clean water. Seasonal flooding in the country is common, especially in the northern regions. Over 169,000 people were affected by floods in 2019, some of whom were still receiving assistance when this year’s flooding occurred.?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.