• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 386,000 People exposed [?]
  • 76,000 People affected [?]
  • 45 Fatalities reported [?]
  • 15,000 People in Need [?]



Hurricane Dorian hit the northern Bahamas on 1 September as a Category 5 storm, mainly affecting Grand Bahama and Abaco islands. Residents were exposed to winds exceeding 270 km/h and 5-7 meter storm surges. ? Dorian is not only the strongest hurricane to have hit the country on record but was also traveling at slower than average speeds (between 1.5-8km/h), which meant the population was exposed to prolonged strong winds, heavy rains, and large storm surges. ?

Over 76,000 people have been affected and an estimated 15,000 people are in need. Hurricane Dorian damaged or destroyed at least 13,000 homes. ? Urgent initial needs identified are primarily within shelter, food, health, and WASH; the latter due to wells being contaminated with seawater from flooding and surges. There are no natural freshwater sources on the islands of the Bahamas, which means the population relies on drilled aquifers or desalination. ?

While the extent of the damages is yet to be confirmed, flooding and damages to infrastructure complicates access and delivery of response. On the Abaco Islands, responders are relying on generators in Marsh Harbour, Treasure Cay, and Coopers Town. ?  As of 7 September, the Marsh Harbour airport was still closed due damages caused by the hurricane. ?

INFORM measures Bahama's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be low, at 2.2/10. Hazard and exposure stand at 2/10, vulnerability at 1.7/10 and lack of coping capacity at 3.1/10. ?

Latest Developments


20/09: Following the category 5 storm, Hurricane Dorian, the response efforts on Grand Bahama and Abaco islands continue. As of 16 September, the official death toll has risen to 52 - 43 of which have been recorded on Abaco; this is anticipated to increase as 1,300 people remain missing. Close to 2,000 people are being housed in shelters across 3 islands, the majority within the 10 shelters across the island of New Providence. However, the total number of displaced is likely much higher. As of 18 September, there are ongoing concerns for isolated populations on parts of Abaco island, of which the numbers and conditions are unknown. Across both Grand Bahama and Abaco the provision of safe drinking water and adequate waste management remain a high priority. ?

12/09: Hurricane Dorian has displaced thousands of people in North-Western Bahamas since 1 September. Exact numbers are yet to be confirmed. As of 11 September, over 5,500 people have been evacuated, and evacuations are still ongoing. Over 2,000 people remain in shelters and there are reports that on 10 September they were at full capacity. The number of confirmed fatalities remains at 45, although this figure is expected to rise. Search and rescue efforts continue as there are an estimated 2,500 people still missing. However, this number may be attributed to evacuees not yet being registered with the official authority. Response efforts may be complicated by damage to essential infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and telecommunications. Lack of power supply is ongoing, particularly on the Abaco islands. Main relief activities are the provision of safe drinking water, sanitation, shelter, health care, and food security to those affected.?