Conflict over the area between Azerbaijan and Armenia and ethnic Armenian forces based in Nagorno-Karabakh has been ongoing for decades. For more than six weeks, fighting and displacement took place in Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding areas, resulting in the deaths of more than 140 civilians and thousands of combatants, widespread destruction to civilian infrastructure, and disruption to services. Shelling, rocket fire, and unmanned aerial vehicle attacks have targeted densely populated cities and essential civilian infrastructure such as homes, schools, and hospitals in Nagorno Karabakh and occupied Azeri territories, as well as in neighbouring Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Read the previous short note here.
On 27 September, heavy fighting broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenian forces in and around the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The region is recognised as part of Azerbaijan but is de-facto controlled by an ethnic Armenian administration. Azerbaijan is calling for Armenia’s withdrawal from the region, while Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh authorities claim they are defending themselves from attack. Shelling and rocket fire have targeted densely populated cities and essential civilian infrastructure such as schools and hospitals in Nagorno-Karabakh and in neighbouring Armenia and Azeri, and occupied Azeri territories.