• Crisis Severity ?
    1.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    1.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    1.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
     
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 3,024,000 Total population [?]
  • 66,000 People displaced [?]

Special Reports

21/12/2020

Overview

06/01/2022

On 27 September 2020, heavy fighting broke out between Azeri and Armenian forces in and around the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Clashes continued for six weeks until 9 November 2020, when Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a Russia-brokered ceasefire. However, tensions along the Armenia-Azerbaijan borders are renewed from time to time. The conflict resulted in the deaths of over 140 civilians and about 6,000 soldiers, over 560 civilians injured, widespread destruction to civilian infrastructure, and disruption to services in both countries.? 

As at December 2021, over 20,000 people are still displaced from Nagorno-Karabakh and its adjacent districts to Armenia and registered as “refugee-like” out of the 90,000 originally displaced during September – November 2020 fighting. 28% of them were registered in Yerevan province, 16% in neighbouring Syunik province (which borders Nagorno-Karabakh), 15% in Ararat province, and 41% in other provinces. Shelter, household items, employment, and food are key priority needs for people living in refugee-like conditions. The winter season adds extra pressure on the refugee-like population because of the additional expenses required, such as heating. ? 

Nagorno-Karabakh was recognised as part of Azerbaijan but is de facto controlled by an ethnic Armenian administration. Under the ceasefire provisions, Armenia returned Aghdam, Kelbajar, and Lachin districts, as well as parts of Gazakh district, to Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan maintains control over the territory gained in Nagorno-Karabakh during the latest conflict. Russian peacekeepers were deployed in the remaining areas of Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor that connects Stepanakert to Armenia. The deal also calls for the return of IDPs and refugees to Nagorno-Karabakh, without providing any further details. ?

Latest Developments

06/01/2022

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.