Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Azerbaijan: Pre-existing situation and impact of the 2020 Na...
On 27 September 2020, heavy fighting broke out between Azeri and Armenian forces in and around the contested region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Clashes continued for six weeks until 9 November 2020, when Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a Russia-brokered ceasefire. However, tensions along the Armenia-Azerbaijan borders are renewed from time to time. The conflict resulted in the deaths of over 140 civilians and about 6,000 soldiers, over 560 civilians injured, widespread destruction to civilian infrastructure, and disruption to services in both countries.?
As at December 2021, over 20,000 people are still displaced from Nagorno-Karabakh and its adjacent districts to Armenia and registered as “refugee-like” out of the 90,000 originally displaced during September – November 2020 fighting. 28% of them were registered in Yerevan province, 16% in neighbouring Syunik province (which borders Nagorno-Karabakh), 15% in Ararat province, and 41% in other provinces. Shelter, household items, employment, and food are key priority needs for people living in refugee-like conditions. The winter season adds extra pressure on the refugee-like population because of the additional expenses required, such as heating. ?
Nagorno-Karabakh was recognised as part of Azerbaijan but is de facto controlled by an ethnic Armenian administration. Under the ceasefire provisions, Armenia returned Aghdam, Kelbajar, and Lachin districts, as well as parts of Gazakh district, to Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan maintains control over the territory gained in Nagorno-Karabakh during the latest conflict. Russian peacekeepers were deployed in the remaining areas of Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor that connects Stepanakert to Armenia. The deal also calls for the return of IDPs and refugees to Nagorno-Karabakh, without providing any further details. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.