Heavy rains have intensified since the beginning of July, affecting at least 22,800 Rohingya refugees across all 34 camps in Cox’s Bazar. Two people have died, and 17 others were injured. Massive deforestation and high soil erosion have enhanced the probability of landslides and flooding affecting camp residents. As of 10 July, about 4,400 shelters were damaged, and approximately 3,980 refugees were displaced. WASH and education needs have also increased, as hundreds of WASH facilities - including water points, latrines, or bathing spaces - and learning centres were damaged by the rain.
Armed clashes between the ELN, EPL and other organized armed groups in Norte de Santander since beginning of June have displaced up to 800 people from La Playa municipality, who are currently in a situation of confinement due to mobility restrictions. This situation is hampering access to basic goods and services, like food, livelihoods and medical care. Protection needs are very high, with the people affected exposed to risk of kidnapping, presence of landmines and imposed curfew. Some 300 people need to be urgently relocated; since improvised shelters are overcrowded, some people have been sleeping outside under heavy rains and low temperatures. There is a lack of drinking water, with most sources contaminated. Latrines have broken down, increasing the risk of vector-borne diseases. Mental health concerns and need for support are high. Since the beginning of 2019 there have been 67,000 people affected by violence in Norte de Santander comparing to 163,000 in 2018. Despite the decrease, humanitarian needs are still high.
At least 25 people have reportedly been killed and 30 wounded in clan clashes in Sanaag, northern Somalia. Fighting between militias from two clans in El Afweyn and Dud Arale districts occurred on 7 and 8 of July. Inter-clan conflict in Somalia often results in forced displacement however it is unclear if this most recent clash has led to displacement. Conflict also disrupts livelihoods. The main livelihood in the affected areas is pastoralism and pastoral livelihood zones in Sanaag are already experiencing Emergency (IPC 4) levels of food insecurity. Troops from the self-declared Republic of Somaliland were reportedly ordered to be sent to the region to end the fighting. Sanaag is a disputed region, claimed by both Somaliland and Puntland state. The two states have previously clashed over control of the region. The UN top envoy in Somalia has expressed concern about sporadic fighting in Sanaag in recent months.