Political tensions in Burundi escalated after the President announced his intention to run for a third term in April. Violent protests in the capital have killed 20 and injured 200. On 13 May, leaders of the army attempted a coup, which failed after two days of violent clashes. The situation remains tense and people are fleeing the country.
More than 112,000 Burundians have sought asylum in neighbouring countries since the beginning of April, including almost 70,000 in Tanzania as of COB on 19 May.
The situation is critical in Kagunga, where 20,000–35,000 people are crowded into a small village. 150 to 200 continue to arrive in Kagunga every day. Transportation is a challenge in relocating refugees. In addition, all refugee camps are crowded, with limited access to WASH facilities and clean water. Thousands of cases of watery diarrhoea have been reported and a cholera outbreak is confirmed. As of 21 May, there have been more than 2,400 suspected cases of cholera; 33 people have died.