Two major crises are ongoing in South Sudan: armed conflict and severe food insecurity.
Fighting between government and opposition forces as well as intercommunal violence increased in mid-February in areas of Greater Upper Nile. Violence has mostly been concentrated around Malakal (Upper Nile), Pibor (Jonglei) and Leer (Unity). Greater Upper Nile hosts nearly 1.4 million IDPs, comprising 90% of the total IDP population of South Sudan. Fighting has also spread to Wau in Western Bahr el Ghazal where 8,000 displaced people are yet to receive assistance. In Western Equatoria, fighting has been ongoing since late 2015, where up to 80,000 people have been newly displaced.
Food insecurity has reached unprecedented levels: 2.8 million people are severely food insecure. Areas most affected include conflict-affected areas of Greater Upper Nile, particularly in central and southern Unity state where 40,000 people are close to Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). Food insecurity has also worsened in regions that have previously been considered stable, including in Greater Equatoria and Northern Bahr El Ghazal.