El Niño / La Niña impact on Indonesia: Scenarios
Created: 22/04/2016 +

Overview

Late onset of the monsoon season caused by El Niño (or ENSO, the El Niño Southern Oscillation) resulted in a late onset of the monsoon season. This reduced rainfall delayed rice planting of the first season harvest. Around 25% of the national total had not been planted by the end of December 2015 predominantly in Java, Sulawesi, and eastern Indonesia.

An estimated 3 million Indonesians live below the poverty line in areas that were severely impacted by drought between October and December 20161 , 1.2 million of whom are reliant on rainfall for their food production and livelihoods.