The department of La Guajira is located in the extreme north of Colombia, on the Colombian Caribbean Coast. It has two rainy seasons during the year – one between April–May and the other between September–November. With a landscape of majorly clay loam soil, La Guajira is a department where increased rainfall frequently leads to flooding. In fact, more than half of the natural disasters affecting the department are floods. According to forecasts by the Colombian Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies, rainfall in La Guajira in November 2021 will be 40–60% higher than the historical average.