Killed: Flooding has led to at least 53 deaths. This figure could increase if more bodies are discovered in houses and farms swamped by the floods and landslides (AFP 22/05/2014). As of 21 May, 27 people had lost their lives during the floods in Serbia, of whom at least 10 or 11 died of natural causes (GoS 21/05/2014). In BiH, as of 22 May, a total of 24 people had been killed, of whom 7 were from the Federation of BiH and 17 were from the Republic Srpska (UNCT BiH 22/05/2014). Two have been killed in Croatia.
Evacuations: As of 22 May, 31,879 people have been evacuated and rescued from the affected areas in Serbia; 24,000 were evacuated from Obrenovac. People have also been evacuated from Sremska Mitrovica (660) and from the municipalities of Jamena, Šid and Morović (780) (RoS Sit rep #9 22/05/2014). In BiH, according to local media, quoting government sources, a total of 950,000 people have had to evacuate their homes since the beginning of the floods (ECHO 22/05/2014). More than 11,000 people had been evacuated within Croatia (Vecernji list 22/05/2014), including nearly 4,000 in Gunja, where waters flooded the whole village, as well as most of the population of Đurići, Račinovc, Rajevo Selo, Posavski Podgajci, Bošnjaci and Vrbanja (Duzs 22/05/2014).
Worst Affected Regions and Populations
Serbia: As of 20 May, more than 1.6 million people are affected by the floods in Serbia (AFP 20/05/2014). Belgrade City and the municipalities of Obrenovac, Lazarevac and Grocka are currently the most affected (IFRC 21/05/2014). The most difficult situation is near Belgrade (Obrenovac, Lazarevac, Kostolac, Šabac, Sremska Mitrovica, Krupanj, Raća, Jamena, Šid and Adaševci) (GoS). The consequences of floods are most severe in districts of Kolubara, Mačva and Morava; the cities of Valjevo, Šabac, Loznica, Čačak and Zaječar; and municipalities Obrenovac, Osečina, Koceljeva, Lajkovac, Ub, Ljig, Gornji Milanovac, Rekovac, Mali Zvornik, Požega, Vladimirci, Kosjerić, Lučani, Trstenik, Mionica, Rača and Doljevac (RoS Sit rep #8 21/05/2014).
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH): As of 22 May it is estimated that 1.5 million people, in 60 municipalities in BiH, are affected by the floods (ECHO 22/05/2014). Affected areas are Tuzla canton, Sarajevo canton, Zenica-Doboj canton, Bosnia-Podrinje canton, Una-Sana canton, Brčko district, and the regions of Banja Luka, Doboj, Bijeljina, Odžak, Bosanski Šamac and Srebrenica. The most affected are Bosanski Šamac, Odžak, Orašje, Doboj, Bijeljina, Brčko, Maglaj (UNCT BiH 22/05/2014).
Croatia: As of 22 May, 38,000 people are affected by the floods in Croatia (AFP 22/05/2014). The most affected towns and villages are Gunja, Rajevo Selo, Račinovci, Posavski Podgajci, Vrbanja, Drenovci, Strošinci, Đurići and Bošnjaci (Index Novac 21/05/2014).
Affected Vulnerable Groups
Children: More than 500,000 children have been affected by the floods (Save the Children 21/05/2014). There is a particular concern for families with children living in makeshift homes or on the street (Save the Children 17/05/2014).
IDPs: At the end of 2013, there were approximately 209,000 registered IDPs in Serbia (IDMC, 2014), and approximately 103,000 in BiH (IDMC 12/2013).
Impact on Critical Infrastructure
Power and electricity: In Obrenovac, one of the worst-hit towns in Serbia, rescuers have managed to contain the waters around the Nikola Tesla power plant, which produces half the country's electricity (AFP 19/05/2014). As of 22 May more than 120,000 households in Serbia were without electricity and telephone lines due to the floods causing sporadic power cuts (IFRC 21/05/2014). The electrical grid is severely affected in some areas and is being restored (Elektroprivreda BiH). Many areas remain without electricity and recovery may take time due to the absence of replacement equipment and transformers.
As of 22 May, more than 2,500 households in the Federation of BiH and approximately 8,200 in Republic Srpska were without electricity (UNCT BiH 22/05/2014).
Transportation: Hundreds of bridges have been damaged and 3,500km (2,175 miles) of roads need repairs (GoS). The railway line linking Serbia to the Montenegrin port of Bar, of major importance to Serbia's economy, will remain impassable for at least one month (AFP 22/05/2014). The road network in Serbia suffered greater damage than the railway and some routes will stay closed for both passenger and freight traffic for a long time (GoS 21/05/2014). The damage will cause major problems for the movement of goods and people and is likely to affect small businesses disproportionately (EBRD 20/05/2014). In Serbia, people have been asked to not to travel unless absolutely necessary (IFRC 21/05/2014).
Buildings, hospitals and schools: In Serbia, more than 2,260 buildings have been flooded and more than 1,800 buildings damaged (RoS Sit Rep#6 19/05/2014). All schools in Belgrade stopped work for two days, while 155 primary and secondary schools remain closed in the affected areas (IFRC 21/05/2014). In BiH, 230 health and educational facilities have been damaged (UNCT BiH 22/05/2014). In Croatia more than 2,000 houses and 199 farms have been destroyed (AFP 22/05/2014).
2,610 landslides have been reported as of 22 May (UNCT BiH 22/05/2014). Landslides and debris remain a danger in BiH, in areas worst-affected by the floods, including Tuzla canton, Sarajevo canton, Zenica-Doboj canton (UNCT BiH 22/05/2014). In Serbia, landslides have occurred in several municipalities, and in Krupanj municipality more than 20 houses have been swept away (IFRC 21/05/2014).
Landmines: Landslides have moved landmines to unknown locations (UNISDR 19/05/2014) and swept away many of the warning signs around the minefields (WeatherChannel 17/05/2014). Officials have warned that 120,000 unexploded mines could be dislodged (AFP 19/05/2014). So far, nobody has been killed or injured by shifting mines or unexploded ordnance (UXO). However, a number of incidents have been reported in BiH. On 21 May, a mine exploded in Brčko district, in the north of the country. In Srebrenica and Bratunac, a cluster bomb appeared at the river bank as water receded. A landmine was uncovered by water on the main road connecting Olovo and Tuzla. In Visoko, UXO was found near a petrol station (UNDP 20/05/2014). A refrigerator containing nine explosive devices was found in a flooded garden, as well as a rocket launcher and a large plastic bin full of bombs and ammunition (AFP 21/05/2014). Approximately 800km2 of mined area is suspected to be impacted by floods (GoBiH 21/05/2014).
Relief and Operational Constraints
In BiH, relief efforts are being hampered by the infrastructure destroyed, broken telecommunications, blackouts (IFRC 19/05/2014). The problem of shifting minefields may also hamper the provision of aid and relief and debris clearance, with the governments warning international rescue teams not to use alternative roads without prior consultation with the Mine Action Centre and Civilian Protection Service (UNDP 20/05/2014). In Serbia, landslides, road blockages and infrastructure damages have hampered relief efforts (IFRC 21/05/2014).
Preliminary estimates for Serbia indicate that the cost of clean-up will far exceed 0.64% of the country's total economic output (the level at which a country can request European Union aid). Prime Minister Vučić has predicted that the total cost of recovery could be as high as one billion euros (USD 1.4 billion). The Serbia's state-run electricity company will suffer damages of more than 250 million euros (AFP 21/05/2014). Vučić has warned that although considerable aid will arrive from the various countries, it will only cover 20–25% of the total funds Serbia will need for the clean-up (GoS 21/05/2014). There will also be difficulties shipping coal to the Kolubara power plant, and 500,000–1 million euros are lost in electricity per day. An attempt will be made to reach 20–25% of production (GoS 21/05/2014). In BiH, officials have estimated the damage bill at hundreds of millions of euros. In Croatia, damage to agriculture alone is expected to reach at least 30 million euros (AFP 22/05/2014).