Zambia was affected by prolonged dry spells during the 2017/2018 rainy season leading to a critical drop in crop production and high levels of food insecurity. Maize production is expected to decrease by over 33% compared to 2017, and 20% compared to the five year average. Flooding and pest infestations reported in 2017 have exacerbated food insecurity.
Up to 610,000 people will face IPC 3 and 4 between July and September 2018. Eastern, Western, and Southern provinces are most affected. Over 954,000 people are expected to experience IPC 3 and 4 between October 2018 and March 2019. Compared to 77,000 reported as food insecure in 2017, this represents an increase of almost 1150%.
Food insecurity due to natural disasters has often been reported in in Zambia. However this year results are among the highest reported in last five years. The country continues to suffer from chronic undernutrition and poverty. Over 40% of children under the age of five are stunted.?
INFORM measures Zambia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.1/10. Lack of coping capacity and vulnerability are of particular concern at 5.8/10 and 5.2/10, respectively. ?
6/07: Up to 610,000 people will face IPC 3 and 4 between July and September 2018. ?
- 610,000 in IPC 3 (‘Crisis’) and IPC 4 (‘Emergency’) [?]
Food: Majority of affected districts report poor (20%) and borderline (35%) food consumption score, with Mulobezi, Sesheke, Lunga, Samfya, Zimba, Limulunga and Mwandi most affected.
Livelihoods: Farming and crop sales remain the main livelihood source around the country. A decrease in crop production is likely to lead to livelihood disruption and selling of livestock.
WASH: Up to 40% of the affected population use unsafe water sources (boreholes, unprotected wells, river or lakes). Only 32% report treating water. 16% of the affected population has no sanitation facility on premises.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of detailed information on severity of needs in affected districts.