Following an armed advance on the capital from the north by Houthis in September 2014, fighting escalated in March 2015 triggering a civil war throughout the country. ? A coalition of Arab states led by Saudi Arabia is supporting the Yemeni government with airstrikes. Activities by southern secessionists, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and Islamic State (IS) compound the security and political challenges.? The economy is failing, with the Central Bank near collapse.? 22.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance including 11.3 million in acute need.? 

For 2019, INFORM rated Yemen's risk of humanitarian crisis very high, at 7.8/10. The "Hazard and exposure" category is ranked at an alarming level of 8.1/10.?

Latest Developments

10/12: At least 63,500 people in Yemen are facing IPC Phase 5 Catastrophe level of food insecurity in December 2018 and January 2019. Overall, 15.9 million Yemenis - 53% of the country's population – are food insecure (IPC Phase 3 Crisis or above), with current levels of humanitarian food assistance.? 

12/11: Civilians and medical staff are at risk amid renewed fighting in Al Hudaydah close to Al Thawra, the city’s main hospital. Airstrikes damaged the 22 May hospital and a pharmacy in Al Hudaydah city.? 

30/10: Access constraints are hindering humanitarian efforts. Active conflict is preventing access to 52,000 tonnes of grains stored near Al Hudaydah. Authorities are blocking imports of humanitarian supplies and winterisation in Aden port and Sana’a airport.?

Key priorities

WASH: 16.0 million people are in need of WASH assistance, with 11.6 million of them in acute need.?

Health: 16.4 million people lack access to healthcare, 9.3 million of them in acute need. Almost 2,000 health facilities have stopped or reduced operations.?

Food security: Imports of staple foods have decreased significantly since the escalation of conflict, leading to steep price increases. Yemen ordinarily imports 90% of its staple foods.?

Information Gaps and needs

  • Limited information available on the needs of the Muhamasheen minority (10% of population), who live in dire conditions and are more in need than the average population.

  • Underreporting of casualties due to the collapse of the health system. No updates on prevalent diseases such as dengue

  • Limited access means detailed data on humanitarian needs is not always available.