Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
As of 30 April, 2019 around 340,000 refugees and asylum seekers from Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are living in Uganda, mainly in informal settlements close to DRC. After the main influx from January to March 2018 when around 69,000 Congolese fled the conflict in neighbouring DRC to Uganda, arrival rates have lowered with an average of around 3,000 people per month entering Uganda in 2019. However, continuous violence in DRC has resulted in an upward trend: In April 2019, a 33% increase was reported compared to the previous month. The main settlements receiving DRC refugees are: Nakivale, Isingrio district (10%); Kyangwali, Hoima district (7%); Kyaka II, Kyegegwa district (7%); Kiryandongo, Bweyale district (5%); and Rwanmwanja, Kmawenge district (5%).?
Most refugee households face multiple sectoral needs. A joint multi-sector needs assessment from August 2018 found around half of the refugee households categorised ‘in need’ in 5 sectors or more in Hoima (45%), Kzegegwa (52%) and Kmawenge (58%) districts. Main needs include food and WASH assistance, livelihood opportunities and access to health and educational services. ?
13/06: On 11 June, the Uganda Ministry of Health and WHO declared an Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Kasese district, at the border with DRC. Three cases are confirmed and a minimum of 8 cases suspected. A 5-year old Congolese boy and his grandmother died on 12 June. Other family members have been transferred to an isolation centre for observation. A response team has been deployed to the affected districts to identify people at risk. Since August 2018, more than 2,000 confirmed cases of EVD have been confirmed in neighbouring districts in DRC, with nearly 1,400 deaths (CFR 67%). ?
09/05: Due to increased violence in North Kivu, DRC, the influx of Congolese refugees to Uganda has increased by 33% in April compared to the previous month. Some border crossing points have been closed to avert the risk of uncontrolled entry, pushing more Congolese to enter Uganda via new, unattended informal ways, including crossing Lake Albert. Protection and health needs among the new arrivals are high. Despite good preparedness, risk of Ebola spreading into Uganda has increased.?
As violence in the Ebola-affected region of eastern DRC continues, more people are being forced to flee to Uganda. Ebola preparedness is high with many national and international partners involved, front-line workers vaccinated, containment established, and awareness raising programs implemented. People are scanned at border crossing points. However, more and more Congolese refugees cross the border via informal routes, including via Lake Albert, increasing the risking of Ebola spreading into Uganda. ?
Food security: Data on food security outcomes remains limited. However, refugees are estimated to be Stressed (IPC Phase 2), at minimum. They rely mainly on food distributions. Access to land for agricultural activities is limited as refugee settlements are becoming more crowded. The ongoing drought could worsen food security outcomes.?
Health: Congested and inadequate health and sanitation facilities contribute to high risk of disease outbreaks such as cholera, meningitis, and measles. Continuous cross-border movement increases the risk of Ebola.?
WASH: The average water supply (litres per person per day) in DRC hosting settlements is low with 47% of the population still receiving less than the minimum emergency standard of 15 l/p/d. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
- Gender specific information are mostly lacking.
- Information on food insecurity level among DRC refugees, segregated by gender and age, are not available.